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Components of this model, from lowest to the highest are in the order, physical needs, safety and security needs, social needs of love and belonging, esteem needs of respect and confidence, and finally self-actualization needs of knowledge and understanding.
Baumeister (p.88) asserts that esteem needs are required to enhance a person’s overall personality by providing a sense of achievement and shielding negative emotions. Self-esteem is associated with confidence and high expectations of success; high self-esteem is associated with optimism and lower anxiety. It also provides a sense of integrity and adequacy. Maslow’s theory points towards need for respect from others and from self. Respect from others confers recognition, acceptance and appreciation. Realizing that human being is a social animal, the Sociometer theory proposes that man continually tries to seek inclusion into social groups. Psychologically, it reduces anxiety and improves health (Baumeister, 89). Employees’ self-esteem is enhanced by gaining recognition in the form of awards and appreciations, and a need to enhance self-esteem, in order for the employees to feel included in the virtual social ‘wanted’ circles, is an effective motivator (Marriner-Tomey, 92).
Self-actualization needs refer to self-fulfilment in terms of all the activities a person can do or is capable of doing. This is driven by individual’s desires, interests and passion towards specific activity or job. Self-actualization needs occupy the topmost position in Maslow’s hierarchy. While the other motives are sought in order to fill deficiencies in one’s life or work, the self-actualization needs are sought in order to pursue growth and development (Gordon, 244). However, without realization of the other needs, self-actualization needs may not be very motivating to the employees. Achieving self-actualization in the work sphere is highly motivating for the employees because
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Motivation in the workplace
Motivation in the work place leads to higher productivity. In all organizations, managers can help in the realization of organization goals through the employees. For this to happen, it is essential to motivate the workforces.
It is important to note that the size of the business does not matter; whether a manager I trying to get the best out of twenty or fifty of your staff or just one, every employee requires some form of motivation. Different organizations approach the issue of motivation differently and the role of its integration is in the hand of all immediate managers and supervisors of staff.
This report will try to throw some light on contemporary regarding motivation of workers in the workplace. In modern business world, managers are facing challenges regarding motivating workers in workplace, because, in an organization with diversified workforce, employees come from different demographic orientation and cultural background hence their needs and value system are different, hence it is a challenge for the organizations to identify a reason which motivate all the employees in equal manner.
Truman argued that, the good morale of work force enhances the profitability of the business. This is so because, people work under minimum supervision thus increasing productivity of the business enterprises.
(Agarwal & Varma, pg. 131- 156, 1999)
A successful manager knows that simply issuing the directions to the people, will not work because there are some persons who will not carry them out in their true spirits. They will twist and misinterpret them if they do not suit their behaviour.
Bullying is sustained by abdication of responsibility (denial, counter-accusation, pretence of victim hood) and perpetuated by a climate of fear, ignorance, indifference, silence, denial, disbelief, deception, evasion of accountability, tolerance and reward (e.g.
With motivation today, most employees feel that they have been integrated within the activities of the organization, which include decision making. With this, they are able to put more efforts in their organizational activities since participation in
Therefore, I always try to be creative in planning my job tasks as well as coming up with varied ways on how to tackle it successfully. This is by having some targets that I aim to achieve with my capability not
Motivation plays a key role in ensuring that employees perform optimally and are satisfied with their jobs. A high number of employees are money-motivated while some of them find rewards and recognition to be personally motivating. The levels of motivation within a workplace have a direct effect on the productivity of employees.
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