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Even after the fall of Soviet Union the subject continues to attract much attention of the scholars. The desire to understand the rise and fall of a great power has combined with the urge of better understanding the future course of history. Various scholars have attempted to understand the volatile nature of modern international relations.
International Relation theories help a great deal in understanding the historical events and when we talk about Cold War, the theory of realism dominates the other theories towards a better understanding of the facts. The theory has its pros and cons but it hold itself true in many cases while trying to understand the cold war phenomenon.
The end of World War II marked the start of the cold war. The cold war was essentially a struggle of power between the west led by United States of America (USA) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Although both were partners during the World War II but their differences arose soon after the war on the future shape of the world. The USA led the western block whereas USSR created the eastern block comprising over eastern European countries and countries annexed by USSR.
The cold war was multifaceted. It signified a bi-polar world where both US and USSR were striving for hegemony on political, military and economic fronts. Both had their ambitions but had the fears of other’s dominance resulting in efforts of balance of power as well. The cold war reached it culminating point when USSR invaded Afghanistan and tried to reach the warm waters whereas US used its diplomacy and resources to stop USSR. It ended in 1991 when the later collapsed due to economic, military and political turmoil.
The cold war is named as such because through out this era no actual war took place between the two sides but the threat of such war kept looming the political world throughout. Such was the tension between the two sides that the world at large feared a World War
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International relations theory has been dominated by the realism because during the World War II liberalism was replaced being a paradigm. With time, liberals restructured their surfaces since they witnessed the state being challenged and they were sure the realists were not ale to account for anything that was going to happen.
The End of Cold War. Cold war began immediately after World War II as the U. S, and the Soviet Union battled to install respectively the capitalist economists in post –war Europe and the entire world.1 Many different ideologies have come up in a bid to contemplate why the cold war ended unpredicted.
According to Cicero, war is 'a contention by force' while, Thomas Hobbes states that "war is also an attitude" Another description of war is that; war is an all-pervasive occurrence of the world. Consequently, wars are simple signs of the basic aggressive manner of the world.
The author laid out a group of certain principles that he believed outlined the ideas of Realism. He argued that power was the main currency between nations. Political actions of states were therefore governed by this need to acquire power. The important distinction he made from earlier ideas was that morality was irrelevant.
Since the Clinton administration, the US government has taken a hard line against the North Korean nuclear capability. The US was not working to persuade North Korea to become democratic or hold free elections. In addition, there have been few credible attempts to bring North Korea out of isolation, with the exception of South Korea's unification policies.
This paper concerns the realism and liberalism as the two major theories of international politics. Although they differ with respect to their basic assumptions about the nation-state, the international order and the role of conflict in the international system, both of them provide substantial insight into the ways in which the international order is structured.
“When realists observe the world system, they primarily see states struggling for power, each trying to consolidate its relative gain in a zero-sum game. The structure of the international system is thus rooted in this struggle, which is why
The conclusion from this review states that many argue that the theories that we have at our disposal to understand international relations are simply not up to confront. Smith rather seriously declares that if we want answers to the question why is it that major powers and the major international governmental and non-governmental institutions are insisting on the promotion of democracy.
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