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Ergonomics - Essay Example

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“Ergonomics in the workplace begins with good design and the best fit and interaction between work equipment and systems, work tasks, the working environment and the people who will carry out the tasks. One of the consequences of poor ergonomic design and poor fit in the…
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Download file to see previous pages Findings from these methods have then been simulated and analysed separately. Specific strategies and practices have been proposed to address the identified gaps, keeping human psychological and motivational requirements. The research also establishes relationship between ergonomics-related occupational health and organisational performance.
Occupational health through appropriate ergonomics of workplace has been recognized as one of the fundamentals requirement to achieve organisational efficiency in the long term. It impacts the psychosocial characteristics of workplace and to some extent determines organisational culture. The characteristics involve health-related problems in workers like physical health (e.g., cardiovascular disease, chronic backaches, slip disc and other musculoskeletal disorders) and mental health problems such as monotony followed by depression. With the help of study of occupational health and research, issues such as occupational stress, illness, injury can be handled and practices to prevent such hazards can be implemented in a systematic manner. Approaches to both physical and mental wellbeing are different; however, either cannot be achieved without the other.
This requires application of psychology to improve the quality of work life and to protect and promote the safety, health and well-being of employees. Besides practices to promote healthy lifestyles and work behaviours, work-site interventions need to be designed and should be effective in reducing risks of injury and health-related problems. Occupational health is, in particular, concerned with the dramatic transformation of work and employment and the changing organisational structures and processes that are influencing the health and well-being of workers and their families (Bullinger, 2000; p.9)
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