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Principles of Instructional Design - Essay Example

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Instructional design is intended for the user to have a user-friendly experience with the product. Feasibility study is an important phase in the instruction design development process. It enables the developer to have an assessment of the product being developed…
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Principles of Instructional Design
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INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN Professional Foundations Instructional design is intended for the user to have a user-friendly experience with the product. Feasibility study is an important phase in the instruction design development process. It enables the developer to have an assessment of the product being developed. It refers to the feasibility study of the product in terms of outcomes of the product, operational use and technical support required for implementing it.
The purpose of instructional design analysis is to know that the design strategies adopted by the management are efficient or not. Analysis also helps the management in preparing product in time as per customers request. It also helps the management to find out the shortcomings of the design so that remedial measures can be taken to remove these shortcomings.
Planning And Analysis
Economic Feasibility: It refers to the benefits or outcomes. We are deriving from the product as compared to the total cost we are spending for developing the product. If the benefits are more or less the same as the older system, then it is not feasible to develop the product. The intended design development of the new product greatly enhances the accuracy of the system and cuts short the delay in the processing of application. The errors can be greatly reduced and at the same time providing great level of security.
Operational Feasibility: It refers to the feasibility of the instructional designed product to be operational. Some products may work very well at design and implementation but may fall in the real time environment. It includes the study of additional human resources required and their technical expertise.
Design And Development
Technical Feasibility: It refers to whether the design that is available fully supports the present application. It studies the pros and cons of using particular design for the development and it's feasibility. It also studies the additional training need to be given to the people to make the application work.
Implementation And Management
Parallel Run System: It is most secure method of converting from an existing to anew system. In this approach, both the systems are run in parallel for a specific period of time. During the period of if any serious problems were identified while using the new system, the new system is dropped and the older system is taken at the start point again.
Direct Cutover Method: In this approach, the existing system is converted to the new system abruptly, some times over a weekend or even overnight. The old system is used until a planed conversion day. There exist no parallel activities.
Pilot Method: In this approach, a working version of the system is implemented in one art of the organization such as a single work area or department. When the system is deemed complete it is installed through out the organization either all at once (direct cut-over) or gradually (phase-in).
Phase-in Method: In this method, a part of the system is first implemented and over time, other remaining parts are implemented.




Reference
M. David Merill, Leston Drake, Mark J. Lacy & Jean Pratt. (1966). Reclaiming
Instructional Design. Educational Technology 36(5), 5-7.
Ali Behforooz and Frederick J. Hudson. (2003). Software Engineering Fundamentals.
New York: Oxford University Press.
Wikipedia. (2007). Instructional Design. Retrieved Feb. 14 2007, from,
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instructional_design. Read More
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