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Rehabilitation of the Injured Athlete - Case Study Example

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"Rehabilitation of the Injured Athlete" paper examines the case of a professional rugby player, 20-year old Simon, who was tackled during a game last week, which caused his right shoulder to become dislocated. MRI scan revealed that his glenohumeral joint has been severely damaged…
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Rehabilitation of the Injured Athlete
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Download file to see previous pages Simon is scheduled to have arthroscopic surgery, which utilizes small incisions made with special instruments and a viewing scope for this common labral injury (Funk, 2011), two weeks from now, and he is anxious to resume play quickly. To accomplish this a rehabilitation program is being developed by a specialized team. The program will encompass total recovery, involving pre-habilitation and the actual rehabilitation process – including targeted treatment and exercises, aimed at returning Simon to his rugby team and game as soon as possible.

The shoulder consists of three bones the clavicle, scapula, and humerus, and two joints, the acromioclavicular and glenohumeral joints (Quinn, 2006). The bones are connected to each other by ligaments, while they are connected to muscles by tendons (Quinn, 2006). These structures, along with the rotator cuff muscles, cooperate to provide motion, mobility, and strength to the very movable shoulder joint which is quite unstable and prone to injury from impact (Quinn, 2006). Nevertheless, the 13 muscles in the shoulder joint, offer biomechanical protection which provides a measure of stability to this vulnerable and unstable joint (Funk, 2011).

Simon’s collision caused his dislocated shoulder joint, where an extreme rotation occurred violently twisting his shoulder upward and backward, causing the humerus to jump out of the glenoid, and delivering intense pain and weakness in the arm, presumably because the rotator cuff was damaged during the impact (Cunha, 2011). The four tendons in the rotator cuff are connected to four muscles which turn the arm inward, upward, and outward (Cunha, 2011), and are responsible for stabilizing the humerus in the socket (Erstad, 2010).

Simon’s collision caused the joint capsule, cartilage, and rotator cuff ligaments, which keep the shoulder intact, to tear (Wedro, 2011). The resultant pain signaled the need for medical attention. The injured shoulder would first have been tied in a makeshift sling before Simon was rushed to a doctor (Cunha, 2011). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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