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Why Socialism - Essay Example

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The objective of the given work is to find out what was Albert Einstein's primary purpose or argument in "Why Socialism", to offer support for the answer and show if and how he was successful or unsuccessful in achieving his goal by utilizing different linguistic techniques among which predominates rhetorical one.
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Why Socialism
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"Why Socialism"

Download file to see previous pages Einstein asserts that now the individual has become more conscious than ever of his dependence upon society. He takes it negatively, as a threat to his biological and social rights. According to Einstein the capitalistic community of production and consumption contributes to this fear. Oligarchy of private capital which power cannot be effectively checked even by a democratically political society impacts all its spheres. Einstein is convinced that capitalists' competition results in labor waste and deformation of the social consciousness of humans, in education as well. The only way to eliminate capitalism evils is through the establishment of a planned socialist economy and socially aimed educational system exclusively.
Enter essay leads us to the main argument of the essay. Here Einstein introduces historical and theoretical facts. Human civilization has been mainly impacted by economical causes, such as conquering of other states. It is "the predatory phase" of human development, which socialism is to overpass. Einstein notes that man is simultaneously a solitary and a social being. Specific combination of personal and social strivings determines the degree of an individual inner equilibrium and integration into society. ...
Einstein handles this problem. The analysis of biological and cultural constitution of a human-being and certain unalterable social conditions advance the author to the probable resolution of the problem.
To support his main argument Einstein uses a number of other claims. To begin with he notes that the discovery of common economical laws is made difficult by the fact that many factors which are very difficult to evaluate separately and that are in no way exclusively economic in nature quite often affect observed economic phenomena. The real purpose of socialism is to overcome and advance beyond the predatory phase of human development. Einstein is sure that it is characteristic in a crisis situation for individuals to feel indifferent and hostile toward the group, to which they belong. The reason is solitude and isolation from the society.
Vividly is described the argument that there are definite unalterable social conditions: the biological nature of human-beings; technological and demographic developments. As mankind represents a global community of production and consumption Einstein concludes that the economic capitalist society is harmful to humans. Private capital is concentrated in few hands and this leads to oligarchy of private capital which power cannot be effectively checked even by a democratically political society, and impacts all its spheres.
As the payment of the worker is not determined by the value of the produced by him product, the present day economy does not differ much from "pure" capitalism: means of production (capital) are owned privately; the labor contract is free; production is carried on only for profit; unemployment always exists; technological progress assists it.
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