Marxist Literary Criticism of Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare - Essay Example

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This paper will begin with the statement that the Marxist concept of literary criticism is not as popular as other methods of criticism. However, the method has found wide application in interpretation and understanding of Shakespeare’s work…
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Marxist Literary Criticism of Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare
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Download file to see previous pages It is evidently clear that the main aspect of contradiction that comes out in the play Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare is the political divide. The play depicts the struggle between socialism and capitalism. Although capitalism had been considered more fashionable than socialism, most scholars including Shakespeare declared their support for socialism. However, in the play Shakespeare does not declare a firm stand against capitalism. According to the play, Shakespeare seems to have divided view concerning capitalism. In addition, Shakespeare does not make a firm stand on whether he is a proletarian or a capital owner. Capitalism was heading to a self-destruction due to the struggles that existed between different classes of people in a capitalist regime. For instance, within a capitalistic regime, there was struggle between the middle class and industrial workers. Moreover, a capitalist regime was the source of conflict between middle class citizens and capital owners. Although Shakespeare considered these struggles as the source of destruction for capitalism, he was unable to prove the phenomenon through the play. His play illustrates the collaboration of capital owners and middle class citizens to launch a rebellion against the governing regime. In the play, Caesar compares himself as the northern star or the immortal person. However, the character does not play this role effectively since he dies before the play is completed. His self-declaration as an immortal being makes the audience believe that he plays an axial role in the play. Similarly, Brutus does not play his role effectively as an immortal character as earlier depicted. This depicts the struggles that have existed between capitalism and socialism and the human desire of creating a utopian state. Shakespeare is an activist of the utopian state where people will coexist in peace. In addition, utopian states will not have struggles that are inspired by social class and power. The death of the two characters indicates that the proposed utopian state is just an illusion. This also indicates that Shakespeare contradicts his own vision through his own works. Julius Caesar is a historical irony. This is because the work compares philosophy and logic. Although the two bodies of knowledge are responsible for interpreting human ingenuity, they are immiscible. Thus, it is difficult or unnecessary to compare philosophy and logic. Shakespeare was a firm believer of philosophy and, therefore, he should have written the play from a philosophical perspective. However, he contradicts his work by interweaving logic and philosophy. In the play, Caesar is depicted as an intuitive philosopher who always makes the right decisions. On the other hand, Brutus was an alchemist and hence a believer of logic. The two individuals have different views towards human knowledge, origin and the nature of the universe. However, Shakespeare does not create a difference of the two individuals based on their thoughts and attitude towards life and human knowledge. In the play, Shakespeare does not seem to declare his stand concerning philosophy and logic. According to the play, philosophy and logic are two closely related bodies of knowledge. This is untrue since philosophy and logic do not have a common ground. ...Download file to see next pagesRead more
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