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Comprehensive View of College Counseling and Student Life Services in Counseling - Essay Example

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Comprehensive View of College Counseling and Student Life Services in Counseling Introduction The process of counseling plays a very important role in the life of a college student. The life in college brings about a gamut of changes for the students and is one where good guidance becomes imperative…
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Comprehensive View of College Counseling and Student Life Services in Counseling
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Download file to see previous pages With the arrival of the current generation of high-achieving college students, who are non-traditional has changed the campus environment and bought in higher levels of issues like anxiety, depression and related mental conditions. (Twenge, 2006). This in turn has placed a very high level of responsibility on the counselors. This study takes a deeper look to provide a comprehensive view of college counseling and student life services in the process of counseling. By exploring various important factors and exploring issues of counselor identity and function, it tries to understand the key role played by college counseling in student life. The scope of this research is critical because of the importance that counseling plays in modern day academic life. College counseling and Student Life Services bring about a gamut of transformation to the students at a phase where their career is about to take the right direction. A Historical Overview According to Spooner (2000), college counseling is the process where educated counseling professionals provide counseling services in a setting of higher education. While looking from a historical perspective, the role and function of college counseling has undergone a change over a period of time because of both internal as well as external factors. Changes in the society, politics, economy, demographics, and lifestyle and so on are factors that bring about the changes in the counseling services. From an internal perspective, change also happens because of different aspects that influence the campus environment. With an increase in the dynamism in society as well as the rapid pace of technological and cultural changes, the role of counseling in college has the challenge of meeting rapid changes in approach and attitude. Therefore, the college counselors have an additional responsibility of staying informed and being up to date with the understanding of student needs (Upcraft, Gardner, Barefoot, 2005). Many scholars have traced the history of college counseling services, the research done by Heppner and Neal (1983), divided the history of college counseling into four different eras. The first phase was the phase before 1945 where any form of career, educational, personal, and financial and the personnel in the campus solved healthy related issues. Towards the end of this period, many colleges realized that assistance that is more professional is required with the help of specialized counselors. The second era of 1945-1955 was one where the assessment and research involvement in many college counseling centers increased. This period was more focused on vocational counseling because of a huge population that came back to college education after the World War II ended. In the third period that was between 1955-1970, the colleges began to include personal counseling in a formal manner. In the fourth phase that was form 1970-1982, the focus sharply shifted from vocational assistance to personal assistance and counselors expanded their roles to reach out to the entire campus in a formal manner. After the 1980s, college counseling continued to evolve. Hodge (2001) mentioned that the campus clientele has become a very diverse one. According to Meadows (2000), the increasing diversity of college and university counseling has brought in new challenges for both the identity of professional as well as ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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