In the research paper “Taylor v. Louisiana” the author provides the law case of Billy Taylor, who was charged with kidnapping and rape by a court in Louisiana. He was tried by a court that had a jury that comprised of males only…
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The State argued that the appellant right for fair a trial was not breached since he does not belong to the excluded faction. Taylor appealed the procedural issues to the Supreme Court of the United States.
The appellant argued that 53% of women in Louisiana were eligible to be on the jury. However, the state discriminated women. According to the Sixth Amendment, a jury must represent all a factions in the community such as race, ethnicity, and gender. Thus, the State violated the constitution. It is thus a breach of constitutional right to uphold the verdict of a jury whose composition does not meet the constitutional threshold.
The argument of Louisiana State is that the right for fair hearing was not affected since the Appellant did not belong to the class that was discriminated. However, in Smith v. Texas (1940), the Supreme Court ruled that for a jury system of fair and impartial, it must be made of a cross-section of the community. Thus, no verdict is enforceable from the decision of the jury, based on a nullity.
Reversed and remanded. The court decision was based on the fact that the constitutional requirement was not met in the selection of the jury. A nullity was found in the manner that Louisiana set up an all-male jury in a community where 53% of the women were fit to sit on the jury.
The case is an example of the role of the Supreme Court of the United States in ensuring a fair trial for all suspects. The case presents two scenarios; the requirement for n all inclusive jury, and whether the all-male jury compromised the fairness of the trial.
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