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These are common examples of crime. However, a precise meaning of criminal offence is defined by various laws of each country.
Some of these countries have a catalogue of crime, and it is referred to as the criminal code. Some countries have a comprehensive statute, which outlines the various crimes that are against the state. There are three major classification of crime, namely, misdemeanor, felony, and treason. The major difference that exists between a felony and a misdemeanor is on the penalty an individual receives for the offence (Burke, 279). A misdemeanor refers to a crime whose punishment is identified by the law. However, this punishment should not be death or imprisonment. The state or the government has the authority and power to restrict the liberty of an individual who is involved in committing a crime.
To limit this liability, the state must follow a criminal procedure that culminates into an investigation, to a trial. It is only after the guilt of an individual is ascertained, that an offender may receive a punishment. This punishment can be imprisonment, community service, or even death, depending on the nature of crime. The natural law and the labeling theory effectively explain this concept of crime. According to the labeling theory, crime is an activity that causes injury to the society. The people, who apply this concept of labeling, normally assert the hegemony of a population that is dominant (Burke, 279). Furthermore, labeling a particular activity as a crime is a reflection of a general consensus that condemns the behavior. Natural law theory recognizes the power of the state to enforce laws, and prevent a crime. The state normally uses the police for purposes of enforcing law and order. The police have an important role in promoting justice (Justice and T, 160).
Through the power vested upon them in the constitution, the police have the authority of arresting any suspected individual.
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The research centers on the criminal justice organization’s bureaucracy. Overall, the criminal justice organization effectively and efficiently implements the entire spectrum of criminal justice. In addition, bureaucracy maximizes the criminal justice organization’s efficiency. However, the line and staff organization reduces flexibility
The three main components of a criminal justice system include police, lawyers, and judges. Criminal justice system plays a significant role in reducing the occurrence of crimes and establishing peace in a country. Let us now discuss the concepts of disparity and discrimination in order to find out their relationship with the criminal justice system.
On the contrary, justice actually did not prevail in the US society till the first half of twentieth century even. Consequently, “justice” was used to be observed keeping in view the race, ethnicity, religion, origin and sexual orientation of both the complainant and the accused.
What issues are most prominent with regard to staffing and stress related environments of correction, and office burnout? How do the court decisions affect the shift supervisor in the jail facility, and what would the reaction be if he expressed his opinion regarding the administration and inmate population?
This has seen an overhaul of approaches in community corrections, imprisonment, policing, adjudication and sentencing.
Children being brought up in areas prone to adult criminality are highly likely to experience behavioral problems
“ The Law enforcement Assistance Act (LEAA) of 1968 stated the federal government assistance to state and local government , as well as to academic institutions in the hope that increased study of crime , law enforcement and penology would result in decrease of
The courts of law, lawyers, judges, and the police are some of the organs used in the implementation of justice (Barkan and Bryjak 12). Without justice, a society will be exposed to confusion and chaos. Therefore, justice is an essential component
protecting the rights of the populace in any country while the due process model concentrates on making sure that the state protects the rights of the accused. Professor Herbert applies the criminal justice system of the United States of America in his analysis and quotes