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HR - Coursework Example

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The responsibilities of HRM are categorized into three main managerial areas: employee compensation, job designing and staffing. The main aim of HRM is to improve the output of an organization…
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Human Resources Human Resources The operation of many modern organizations majorly relies on the activities of HRM. The responsibilities of HRM are categorized into three main managerial areas: employee compensation, job designing and staffing. The main aim of HRM is to improve the output of an organization through maximizing the effectiveness and reliability of the workers. One of the main constituents of HRM that is applicable to many organizations is job designing. Job designing can be defined as the act of putting tasks on some jobs by equally putting into consideration the interdependence of the tasks with the other jobs.
Job designing is aimed at improving the progress of an organization, for example by reducing the operational costs of the organization and the training expenses (Arthur, 2004). Job designing improves all these through many strategies, which, are put in place by the administrative body of an organization. These strategies are; job enlargement, job enrichment, job rotation and extension of work time length.
Job enlargement:
This is the process of assigning employees more than one task and of different provisions. This helps in lowering the degree of specialization among the employees and helps them to develop new skills due to their experiences in the jobs.
Job enrichment
This is where the employee is given some authority left on the hand of the administrative body of an organization. Though it helps in equipping the employee with some managerial skills, it has some disadvantages. The disadvantage is that the employee may be granted much power, which may lead to serious administrative drawbacks.
Job rotation; this is where an employee is posted to different departments within an organization. This helps the employee to absorb knowledge to under those different departments and save the organization from the cost of training other employees and also reducing the cost of paying large number of works.
Extension of work time length
This is where the length of the working time is increased in order to give workers ample duration to offer their services without any inconvenience due to lack of enough time. This also helps the workers to work at a reasonable pace with low supervision and still produce better turn out.
Job simplification
This is where analysis is made on the most essential components of a job with an aim of reorganizing the job in order to improve its efficiency. According to Robertson and Smith (1985), there are different steps involved in job simplification. The steps are as follows:
The first step involves the managerial body going through literature and other additional information in order to avoid confusion within the organization.
The second step involves inquiring from the answerable managers the tasks, personnel and responsibilities required to tackle the job efficiently.
The third step involves inquiring the same information from the employ assigned the job
The fourth step involves noting the worker who performs the assigned job well
The fifth step involves attempting the job personally and caution should be taken in order to avoid taking on dangerous jobs that may require the attention of employees with long and better experience on the job.
The last step involves coming up with an elaboration detailing all the remedies.
In conclusion, HRM plays an exceptional role in providing an enabling surrounding for the modern organizations and the employees. As discussed above the essential component of HRM that is job designing helps the organizations to minimize their operational costs and other unnecessary expenses. It also helps the employees to develop new skills in the process of doing assigned jobs of different professions. This en able them to exploit their skills effectively.
Reference List
ARTHUR, D. (2004). Fundamentals of human resources management. New York, N.Y., American Management Association. http://www.books24x7.com/marc.asp?bookid=11511. Read More
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