relations are declining union membership, outsourcing and employee participation schemes sponsored by employers (Wright, 2011). With regard to the first trend, the rate of unionization rose sharply after 1935, following the…
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The former employed more male, blue-collar, less-educated workers who needed trade unions (Warner, 2012). The latter employs increasingly more female, white-collar, more educated workers who have less need for unions.
These trends impact significantly on the relevance of labour relations to managers. First, whereas declining unionization may appear to exert less pressure on managers, the trend toward workers outsourcing the custody of their labor rights to lawyers implies closer scrutiny for the managers. Now managers will have to be more careful in dealing with their employees, lest they fall victim to the watchful eye of a lawyer. Then, the trend toward employers to devise schemes for employee participation in the running of the organization means that managers will endure less opposition from trade unions.
In the old industrial economy, the employee was viewed as a source of cheap labor (Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), 2011). Their only role was to help goods for sale in the market. There was very little contact with the management. This view, however, has changed with the emergence of the so-called post-industrial market economy. The rise of the knowledge worker, in particular, has been instrumental to the mental shift. Broadly defined, the knowledge worker is charged with generating new ideas as opposed to simply implementing policies adopted by the management. This shift in the way the employee is perceived has necessitated a change in the way the workplace is governed. The new approach to governance places more emphasis on the active involvement of the employee in the decision-making processes of the organization (Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), 2011).
There are many rewards that accrue to the firm that engages its employees in its decision-making processes. The benefit that is most cited is increased employee productivity (Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), 2011). The employee
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For example, economic discrimination against women is a reality as most societies have continued to exclude them from major decision making on matters regarding to wealth creation and distribution. In this context, they are perceived as subordinates and inferior to their male counterparts, who view them as tools for attaining sexual pleasure.
We form an idea about how the observed behavior should be performed (modeling), and this guides our efforts at performance in the future (imitation). Effective modeling requires us to pay attention, to retain what we observed, to reproduce what we saw, and to be motivated to perform what we remember.
The basis for this approach in policing was found in 1776, when the values promoted in the Declaration of Independence defined a new mode of relationship between people and their government. All men are equal and they have their rights. In order to protect those rights, the Governments enabled people to become self-protectors.
Midterm Exam 1. How has the oil wealth affected the prospects of democratization in the Arab Gulf? The presence of wealth in the Arab Gulf has affected the gulf politically, economically and politically. Additionally it has affected the state of democracy in its members due to political matters that have come up due to presence of wealth.
He initially invented a wine, later he developed a non-alcoholic drink originated from the South America’s coca leaves and was flavored with kola nuts, hence the word Coca-Cola, tagging the start of the beverages giant we know
Ethics in interpersonal communication gives an individual the freedom to make their own choices based on the available information. Guidelines for interpersonal communication are for individuals to listen carefully, ensure honesty and
mployer-employee relationship can only exist when the following legal conditions are present: the employer sets the working hours, directly supervises the acts of the employee, evaluates job performance, among others (New York Department of Labor, n.d.). Therefore, given that
The Intelligence Principle is embedded on the key principle of democratic government. The legislature is restricted from transferring the powers of lawmaking to other units (Rosenbloom, 2014). The legislative
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