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Effectiveness of Teamwork in Organizations - Essay Example

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This paper focuses on the effectiveness of teamwork in organizations. Working as a team is more effective than when an individual handles a task alone. Today, the application and use of teamwork in organizations have drastically increased as compared to thirty years ago…
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Effectiveness of Teamwork in Organizations
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Download file to see previous pages The size of a team differs in every organization. This is due to the fact that different organizations and departments have dissimilar objectives, different goals and different expectations in terms of success and the final product. For every organization, to determine how many members will make up the team, different variables and factors are considered (Drouin, 2013). One major factor that is considered is the expectations that the leaders and management have on the team. Different expectations determine how big or small a group is. When the expectations are too high, an organization might decide that the best way to achieve them is by forming a large team (Avery, Walker and Murphy, 2001).
In addition, it is important to consider the roles that each of the team members is going to play. If each individual in the team will handle different aspects in the task, the team size might be different as compared to when all team members will handle similar aspects in the task as noted by Mountain and Davidson (2011). Another factor that is considered is the amount and extent of cohesiveness and the level of interconnectivity that is found in a team. Cohesion and interconnectivity are pertinent towards ensuring successful teamwork. When the connection and cohesion are high, the number of members in the team can be less and when it is low, the number should be increased (Edger, 2012). It has been hard to determine the optimum team size, but researchers propose that effective memberships are made of between 4 to 11 members (Robbins and Judge, 2013).
However, recommendations brought forward by researchers suggest that 7 to 12 members are an optimum number for problems necessitating high-quality decisions (Drouin, 2013). Secondly, when it is important to reach a consensus on a conflict, 3 to 5 members is essential and lastly, when quality and consensus is deemed most important, a team of about 5 to 7 members is optimum (Avery, Walker and Murphy, 2001). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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