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Explain the various theories of motivation - Essay Example

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The most important aspect of management is how to motivate the employees (Weihrich et al., 2013). Other aspects like staff employment, controlling, management and many other aspects of improving a…
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Explain the various theories of motivation
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Explain the various theories of motivation

Download file to see previous pages... It is founded on the concept of human needs and their satisfaction. The needs include deficiency needs and growth needs for example esteem needs, self-actualization needs, security, affection and emotional needs.
It was developed by Clayton Alderfer’s (Adair, 2009). It has some similarities with Maslow’s as well as some differences. For instance, in the Alderfer’s ERG Theory, the existence needs is the same as Maslow’s emotional and security needs, While Maslow’s love and self-appreciation needs are categorized into the relatedness needs. However, the Growth needs are the same as the self-actualization and self-confidence needs of Maslow’s theory. The difference between Maslow’s and ERG theory is that ERG puts emphasizes that several needs motivates a person at the same time. The other difference is that ERG includes both Satisfaction progression aspect, and frustration regression component.
This theory was developed purposely to inspire the decision of superiors on employee incentive. The associates of this theory analyzed and interviewed workers to recall the times they were satisfied in the job and the time they were not satisfied and the reasons behind them. The reasons that the workers gave made the associate to conclude that the reasons for dissatisfaction is due to motivational ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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