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In other words, they wanted to fulfill their feudal obligations. There were strong connections between the social necessity of violence and papal reforms, as well as the exploitation of this revivalistic imagination of the Papacy age. Even though the Crusades failed to attain permanent control of the Holy Land, their influence was both wide and deep. In their crusading fervor, they carried out succesful fights against the Muslims in Spain along with the pagan Slavs in the eastern Europe. In some instances they engaged in the war with infidels in self-defense (Previté-Orton 282). As cited by Esposito (335), in 1095, the destruction of the Holy Sepulchure by the Fatmid caliph al-Hakim sparked the initial Crusade. Majority of the Christians viewed al-Hakim as an Antichrist. In the same way, Previté-Orton (282) notes that the Holy Sepulcher was the holiest shrine in Christianity.
Another motivation for the Crusade was the Byzantine’s Emperor Alexius I plea for assistance. Most of the Byzantine Empire had been conquered by the Constantinople together with Seljuk Turks. The Christians engaged in the war because Jerusalem, Jesus’ birthplace was also at threat. They wanted to regain the occupied territories (Madden 10). Lastly, the Crusades also had economic motives. They were responsible for the reopening of the eastern Mediterranean to Western commerce. This resulted in the emergence of great cities like Venice in addition to the emergence of a money economy in the
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Without a doubt, it is one of the future technologies that will offer a great deal of support in all the areas of life (Fustier & Burger, 2005). In addition, various researches show that the biometric authentication technology and methods will certainly be useful in the future.
She is a professor of Humanities at Princeton University.
Born to Ramah and George Woffard on February 18th1931, she was the second of four children and her original name was Chloe Anthony Woffard and she grew up in the American mid- West in a family
What are the disadvantages?
Christianity, the largest organized religion in the world, is strongly rooted by the concept of fideism, which involves the recognition that faith must always come before reason and
ean , Deaking and Hussain , Harper 1998 , Garvan and O’Cinneide ,1994, Birch 1993, Birch et al (1993) , Harper (1998), all these can be found in - Hussain Javed, Millman Cindy and Matlay Harry. (2006) ‘SME Financing in the U.K and in China: a comparative perspective.’
Solon was a Greek noble of moderate means, a poet and eventually lawmaker. Solon tried to appease all the Athenian rivals by mitigating the suffering and hardships of the many poor, while retaining some of the privileges of the elitist few.
He appropriately concluded that "this nation asks for action and action now" (Allswang, p. 135). New Deal, in the U.S. history, is a word for the domestic reform program of the administration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The
Chanel #5 realizes the need for effective communication channels to the customers as a tool of augmenting market share and generate increased sales for the business. The different communication channels used by Chanel #5 are discussed below:
According to the famous theorist of rhetoric, Professor Lunsford, objects such as glasses have become a part of our lives and as such, many people rarely sit back and think about them. As we walk down the lane or carrying out our daily activities, we cannot
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