We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
The researcher of this essay aims to analyze Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic.Turkey stretches its history way back to the ancient times and was at its height during the Middle Age as the mighty Ottoman Empire but has to evolve and adapt to the changing political realities…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic

Download file to see previous pages... Prior to the transition to the Turkish Republic, the old Ottoman Empire embarked on a series of reforms to “save” the old Ottoman Empire through the efforts of Selim III, Mahmud II, Abdulaziz and Abdulhamit II that hoped to reverse its decline. These men were called the Men of Tanzimat or men of reform in their effort to reverse the decline of the old Ottoman Empire. The efforts to reform the old Ottoman Empire that hoped to reverse its decline included military reform during the time of Selim to improving the educational system and bureaucratic reform in the hope of restoring the glory of the empire. When these reform efforts still failed, the last Ottoman caliph Abdulhammit II resorted to an autocratic rule and adopted religious ideology in his hope to unify and reverse the decline of the old Ottoman Empire. But instead of reversing the decline, Abdulhammit II instead set the conditions for the inevitable fall of the old Ottoman Empire with his lavish lifestyle that dragged the empire into bankruptcy and was eventually deposed in 1909. The final nail on the coffin of the old empire’s demise was when the old Ottoman Empire sided with Germany in the First World War where the country was divided into pieces to become Turkey that it is today. This change to a Republic political life was not a conscious choice of the old Ottoman Empire as it always struggles to maintain the caliphate political system embarking on a series of reform from rehabilitating its military to improving its educational system and bureaucracy but it was already too late. Not even the adoption of a western concept of a Constitution saved the empire from disintegration. In sum, the old Ottoman Empire was forced by both by internal (bankruptcy, ineffective bureaucracy) and external (siding with Germany who lost in the First World War I) circumstances to change and adapt with the modern world.  The strong western ideology had also influenced the old empire to adapt to modernity and along with it, is the abandonment of caliphate political system and autocratic form of government to constitution based republic form of government.  Despite these changes in Turkey’s political life and structure, the old traces of the former Ottoman ideology can still be found in modern Turkey.  Among this Ottoman ideology that remained in Turkey and in the Middle East is the strong sense of Islamic nationalism which used to bind and unify Turkey before.  Its sense of the greatness of being a great empire did not diminish with present Turkey as it is considered as one of the progressive countries in the Middle East and in the world albeit it is only a fraction of its former might when the former Ottoman Empire was at its height.
 
  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Safavids and Ottoman empire
The geographical and the temporal features that prepared the plots for the rises of these two empires were different in nature. When the fragmentation of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum after the Mongol invasion in Anatolia in the late 13th century planted the seed of the Ottoman Empire in one of the Beyliks, the fragments of the Turkish Anatolia, the Safavid Empire was born in much calmer environment that was quite favorable to the expansion of the influence of Safi-al-Din who first established the Safavid order.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
History: Ottoman Empire
Ottoman values and norms surfaced and evolved throughout the existence of the Empire. They survive until now; influencing many facets of current Turkish society (Mansel 1996, 43). This paper provides an overview of the cultural, intellectual, scientific, and political realities of the period and the dynasty.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire: A Comparison of government and administration, military strength and economy between the golden age and in the decline. Introduction The Ottoman Empire is one of the longest and largest empires of the world. It was founded in 1299 by the ruler, Osman I, by whose name the word ‘Ottoman’ is emerged, and lasted up to 1923 with establishment of the Republic of Turkey.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Turkish Foreign Policy since the Ottoman Empire
To establish itself to be the modern day Turkey, it had to employ numerous strategies as the Ottoman Empire under the leadership of the Sultanates was greatly opposed to an independent Turkish state with a distinct language, dress code and run through secular laws.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Ottoman Empire
One of the major impacts on the growth of the economy of the Ottoman Empire was the discovery and exploitation of the New World (America) by the European states, which damaged the economy as a result of inflation, caused by the inflow of gold, silver, and other precious metals.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Ottomans
It had included the Middle East, Anatolia, parts of East and North Africa, and South – Eastern Europe (Azmi). The crumbling Byzantine Empire provided Osman I with the opportunity to emerge as an Islamic warrior. This was
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Colonialism. Ottoman Empire
The essay shall also focus on colonialism and how it has impacted the world history throughout the ages. Since it has two broad lines consisting of colonialism and Ottoman
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Ottoman Empire
The contributions or the legacies of Ottoman Empire in political, economic and cultural circles are still helping Arab world in many ways. One of the major legacies left behind by the Ottoman
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Book review of A Nation of Empire : The Ottoman legacy of Turkish modernity, Meeker, Michael E
Turkey slowly transforms from a strict and authoritarian rule under Ottoman to a more liberal state after its independence. In part one of his four-part book, Meeker shows how men dominate
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us