Free

The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The author states that the Turkish National movement was able to transform Turkey due to their commitment under the strong leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk since he was a reformer. They were able to establish new reforms, hence known as one of the successful movements in the world.   …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement"

 The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement
Turkish National Movement was an organization, which was aimed at liberating Turkish people from oppression. Its main objective was to eliminate status quo imposed by the western countries and establish new reforms from social, political, judicial, educational, and cultural. It was led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk who was an indeterminate, 1881–10 November 1938, a Turkish army officer, revolutionary political leader, and Turkeys’ first President. He was a popular Ottoman commander since during World War 1; Ataturk remained undefeated in battles.
Ottoman Empire was formed around the 14th century. According to Shaw, during that period, the Empire gained first control over one of its conquered land known as the Anatolian peninsula. The Ottoman Empire was recognized as one of the successful and powerful state in the world due to a chain of reasons including military tactic and the collapse of the Byzantium Empire.
Nevertheless, during the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire succumbed to war. This strong nation was overpowered and reduced to be the land of Turkey. The Empire signed Armistice of Mudros on October 30, 1918 to call off the war, due to the fear of losing everything. Their decision had repercussions since the empire lost control over its Middle Eastern territories to France and Britain under the Sevres treaty. After the downfall of the empire, the Turks began the Turkish national movement, led by Mustafa Kemal since other countries came up with their new territories. This was a result of the occupations of Izmir and Istanbul along with the invading Greek, French, and British. They declined to acknowledge the government in Istanbul and the invading forces. The movement also came up with a people’s army, defending the empire from intruders like the Greeks, French, and Italian.
Atatürk led the Turkish national movement in the Turkish War of Independence. He tactically defeated the forces sent by the allies since he had established a strong provisional government in Ankara, which was loyal to him. His planned military campaigns liberated his country to emerge as an independent state. As an aficionada of age of Enlightenment, he transformed the former Ottoman Empire into a democratic, modern, and secular state. The principles of Ataturk’s reforms that led to the establishment of Turkey are known as Kemalism.
During his presidency, Atatürk embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms. The following political reforms were later established: Abolishment of the Sultanate (1 November 1922), Declaration of the Republic (29 October 1923) and the abolishment of Caliphate (3 March 1924). Social reforms focused on gender mainstreaming (1926-1934), the revolution of headgear and Outfit (25 November 1925). Juridical Reforms focused on the abolishment of the Canon Law (1924-1937). It also looked into educational and cultural Reforms, integration of education (3 March 1924), adoption of the new Turkish alphabet (1 November 1928), and organization of the university education (31 May 1933).
Turkish National movement was able to transform Turkey due their commitment under the strong leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk since he was a reformer. They were able to liberate themselves and establish new reforms, which catered for their needs from all dimensions, hence known as one of the successful movements in the world.
Works Cited
Shaw, Stanford J and Shaw, Ezel K. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 2, Reform, Revolution, and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey 1808-1975 | Paperback| Published May 27, 1977 | ISBN-10: 0521291666 | ISBN-13: 978-0521291668 | Edition: First Edition. Web. April 19, 2013>http://www.betterworldbooks.com/history-of-the-ottoman-empire-and-modern-turkey-volume-2-reform-revolution-and-republic-id-0521291666.aspx Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement Essay”, n.d.)
The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1621087-essay-12-3610
(The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement Essay)
The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement Essay. https://studentshare.org/history/1621087-essay-12-3610.
“The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1621087-essay-12-3610.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement

Israeli Zionism vs Palestinian National Movement

...and attention from Israel since the loss cannot be retrieved. Palestinians like any other people need to have the space to live in freedom The detracting and emotional imbalance of the national movement on the whole has led them into a state of confusion from where it is very difficult for them to rise but they are constantly trying nevertheless (Quigley 1990, p.229). The Arab world is taking the case of Israel and Palestine much too rationally and poses a threat to the Israeli forces by questioning as to why the warfare started in the first place. United States has interceded in this matter as an obligation to restore world peace but it is handling the case from where it started...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Prince of Turkish Pop

...? Authenti Tarkan has been labeled as the prince of pop. He hails from Turkey and his music has won several awards and topped many charts. Though his style is trendy, his music reflects Turkish authenticity, he sings in Turkish and there is a lot of similarity between his work and that of the famous singer Amr Diab. The latter singer is of Arabian descent, Turkish music and Arabian music are very much similar to each other. His music is upbeat; he talks about love and includes many great dance moves (Hot Arabic Music, n.d) Tarkan, his full names Husamettin Tarkan Tevetoglu, was born in West Germany but he was raised in Turkey where his parents are originally from. He is largely known for...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The rise of the modern Civil Rights movement

...?Modern civil rights movement Introduction According to Adamson1, civil rights refer to the rights of a citizen to political and social freedom and equality. The birth of the modern civil rights movements was influenced by the agitation of the African Americans for equal rights and abolishment of the segregation laws. Segregation laws provided for separate buses, schools, and residential areas for both the majority groups and the African Americans. Because of the racial injustice and social discrimination, the minority group, African Americans under the umbrella of civil rights movements began organizing non-violent demonstration and boycott of public amenities such as boarding the public...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Rise of the Civil Rights Movement

...(1870), which gave them the right to vote (Tindall, Shi, pp. 45-69). This paper discusses the rise of the civil rights movements and other factors related to civil rights movement in a concise and comprehensive way. Rise of the Civil Rights Movements Tindall and Shi (pp. 45-69) mention that this modern movement also had significant twentieth-century roots with the pre-World War I founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and The National Urban League; the Marcus Garvey "Back to Africa Movement" in the 1920s; President Franklin Roosevelt's 1941...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Rise of the Labor Movement

...." The America of today would never have existed had the Industrial Revolution not occurred. While America most certainly would have become more industrialized over time, the birth of industry that occurred in the United States positioned America to assume the leadership of the economically developed world. Today, American life reflects that reality, as Americans enjoy a high standard of living and a suburban lifestyle whose roots can be traced directly back to the Industrial Revolution. One of the effects of the surge in industrial development was the rise of the labor movement. As labor shifted from farms to factories, it became subject to the directives of management where it had previously been...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Treaty of Sevres And The Founding of Modern Turkey

.... It was therefore easier for the initial organization of the Turkish National Movement, headed by Mustafa Kemal, to be based in the north of Anatolia. Ataturk’s Rise To Power Mustafa Kemal Ataturk or Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha (until November 1934) was an army officer and revolutionary statesman for Turkey. He was also the founder and the first President of the Republic of Turkey. Mustafa Kemal established himself as a successful military commander during the Battle of Gallipoli when he was serving as a division commander. He led the Turkish National Movement following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Rapid Rise of the Movement to Abolish the Slave Trade

... Rapid Rise of the Movement to Abolish the Slave Trade In march 1807 slave trade was abolished by the British parliament, however this act did not abolish the act of slavery, the act only abolished slave trade, slave trade began in 1562 and had become one of the economic activity in Britain, slaves worked in plantations and were owned by plantation owners. Slaves were captured in Africa and transported to Europe where they were sold to owners where they worked in plantations. Slaves were mistreated and harassed by their owners. They were not paid for the hard work they performed in plantation. During the transportation of slaves many would die of disease and only a few would arrive healthy for them to...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Teaching Turkish through Turkish novels

...to write exquisite books portraying life around a plethora of backgrounds and events that had readers glued to the books they wrote. They are interesting and make the business of language learning so much simpler and easier (Dino, Guzine; 1986). Introduction/Rationale Turkey is the only Islamic nation in Europe. It is westernized and has better proportion of educated populace. Undoubtedly, it is personally as well as economically beneficial to learn the Turkish language. Aims and Objectives of Using Novels in Turkish Language Learning To aim and objective of this paper is to teach the Turkish language by the use of Turkish novels. The use of novels...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

New Turkish Cinema

...comprised of both blockbuster films from Hollywood and films produced at the local level. Turkish films such as Eskyya/The Bandit of 1996, Vixontele of 2001, G.O.R.A of 2002 and Kurtlar Vadisi: Irak/Valley of the Wolves: Iraq of 2006 were box office hits attracting unprecedented audience attendance (Raw, 2010). It has been argued that the New Turkish cinema which is attributed to the 1990s and onward is distinguished from the cinemas of other nations. The distinction is manifested by the different issues that characterise much of the New Turkish Cinema. A major reoccurring issue is characterised as “popular nostalgia” which is described as “the evocation of an...
31 Pages(7750 words)Dissertation

Turkish Music

...16th June Turkish Music Turkish music has a wide diversity as it includes several aspects from other types of music. This is as a result of Turkey’s location which is a cross culture region. Turkish music includes several genres which are pop music, military music, Turkish classical music, contemporary Turkish music, Turkish folk music and therapy music (Turkish Cultural Foundation, 2005). According to the Turkish Cultural Foundation, the history of Turkish music can be divided into three periods which are pre-Islamic period, post-Islamic period and contemporary post-republic...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Rise of a Successful Turkish National Movement for FREE!

Contact Us