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Midterm - HIST - Essay Example

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The revolution set out several goals that transformed France and Europe in myriad ways. However, at the same period, there were challenges and obstacles during the revolutionary process. The goals set…
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PART A King Louis XVI convened the E s General in 1789 in order a) Gain support for war against England. b) Gain support for an expeditionto put down the rebellion in the colony of Saint Domingue.
c) Raise tax revenues.
d) Resolve the question of voting rights for the peasantry.
2. The lévee en masse, issued in April 1793, was:
a) A military requisition upon the entire French nation.
b) A new tax imposed by Louis XVI.
c) A new public works project to conserve the water of the River Seine.
d) None of the above.
3. The major powers at the Congress of Vienna included:
a. Russia, Prussia, Italy, and Great Britain.
b. Prussia, France, Belgium, and Great Britain.
c. Prussia, Austria, France, and Italy.
d. Russia, Austria, Prussia, and Great Britain.
4. The reform movement known as “Chartism” in Britain advocated for changes including:
a. Equal pay for women workers.
b. Birth control to ease population pressures.
c. Universal male suffrage.
d. All of the above.
5. By the end of the nineteenth century, Britain’s industrial advantage was being challenged by the growth of industrial production in:
a. The Balkans.
b. Germany.
c. Russia.
d. Italy.
Part B
Based on the original goals set out in 1789, was the French Revolution a success or a failure by 1815?
The French revolution was an instrumental thing to have occurred in the world. The revolution set out several goals that transformed France and Europe in myriad ways. However, at the same period, there were challenges and obstacles during the revolutionary process. The goals set out in 1789 were a reason for prosperity and success enjoyed in France and Europe over the period.
The challenges experienced in the country led to various goals. One of such goals was the meeting of the estates general. The meeting was a significant thing, as it had not taken place for over two centuries. The meeting took place at Versailles on May 5, 1789.1 The success of the goal was the creation of a national assembly. As a result, it was a success as the event laid a foundation for the creation of a new constitution.
Secondly, the revolts led to various changes in France. The revolts broke out in the name of saving the third state from Louis XVI. Later, the revolts engaged in addressing the ineffective land holding system. In addition, the revolts led to fear among the citizens and many-formed militia fearing attack from foreign troops.2 However, the fear created helped in influencing the national assembly in instituting crucial reforms. The nobility passed momentous reforms in the national assembly. For example, the assembly passed a declaration of the rights of man.3 Consequently, there was spread of liberal believes in the country. For example, there was access to public office, end of exemptions from taxation, and the people were allowed take part in making of laws.4 Moreover, there was a guarantee in the freedom of speech and the press.
Moreover, the march to Versailles was instrumental. The march resulted from king failure to return to Paris he was against changes. The march largely comprised of women. The march forced the king to accept new decree by the national assembly.5 The king returned to Paris and feudalism was abolished as well as Declaration of rights.6
The other significant issue was the process of overcoming the enemies of the revolution. The effect was setting of revolutionary courts for trying the enemies of the revolution. This came to be known as the Reign of terror.7 The consequence was a creation of more space for the church as they were given place to reopen. Moreover, there was a passage of a new constitution and the establishment of a national legislative assembly.
The other significant step was the coup d’état. A general known as Napoleon Bonaparte led the coup. The revolution was as a result, of corruption and ineffectiveness observed during the reign of terror.8 As a result, the coup led to toppling of the existing authority. At this time, the influence of revolution was declining. However, he was inspired by the revolution. He dominated France for over two decades. His ascent to power led to various reforms in France and Europe. First, he led to stability in the country through negotiating with the enemy of revolution. For example, he reconciled with the Catholic Church as the religion was recognised to be professed by a majority in France. Secondly, he led to integration of various laws found in the country. For example, there was the establishment of the civil code that led to the preservation of gains of revolution such as the abolition of feudalism. On the other hand, his congest led to the establishment of French empire. The empire expanded comprising mainly of French Empire, dependent and allied states.9
In conclusion, it is clear the revolution was a success. The success was achieved as the revolution helped in overcoming various challenges in France. The outstanding success was the establishment of equality, equal treatment on land issue, establishment of the national assembly, and expansion of the French empire.
Bibliography
Kropotkin, Pëtr. The Great French Revolution 1789–1793. New York: Vanguard Printings, 1909.
Schama, Simon. Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution. London: Penguin Books, 2004. Read More
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