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Describe President Andrew Johnsons approach to the task of Reconstruction. Explain how Congress reacted to Johnsons measures during Radical Reconstruction. What led to the end of the Reconstruction era How did Reconstruction affect the lives of Afr - Essay Example

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President Andrew Johnson began implementing the reconstruction in May 1865, when the congress was out of session, and he did so in two proclamations. The first one was the amnesty proclamation whereby any southerner who took an oath of allegiance was granted amnesty, with…
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Describe President Andrew Johnsons approach to the task of Reconstruction. Explain how Congress reacted to Johnsons measures during Radical Reconstruction. What led to the end of the Reconstruction era How did Reconstruction affect the lives of Afr
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President Andrew Johnson’s approach to the task of Reconstruction President Andrew Johnson began implementing the reconstruction in May 1865, when the congress was out of session, and he did so in two proclamations. The first one was the amnesty proclamation whereby any southerner who took an oath of allegiance was granted amnesty, with the exclusion of wealthy landowners, Confederate officials and officers. Those who were not eligible for amnesty could appeal for a pardon. In the other proclamation, the President Johnson appointed governors on a provisional basis and gave the authority to establish state conventions (Kennedo 12).
How Congress reacted to Johnson’s measures during Radical Reconstruction.
The congress refused to recognize the senators and representatives, newly elected from the south as per Johnson’s application. The Congressional Joint Committee on Reconstruction came up the Fourteenth Amendment to the constitution. In addition, Congress enacted its own Reconstruction program which pushed for the Command of the Army Act, as well the Tenure of Office Act. With all this, Congress was able to push for impeachment of President Johnson (Kennedo 14).
What led to the end of the Reconstruction era
Ultimately, the Reconstruction era had to come to an end firstly because Northerners became tired of all the efforts it took and because they lost interest in the benefits they would gain from the south. Secondly, it was because the civil liberties of blacks had suffered due to the continuous disapproval of the Radical Republican legislation by the conservative Supreme Court and the white community. Finally, the exclusion of the federal troops from the South and the 1877 Compromise signaled the end of the Reconstruction era (Kennedo 15).
How Reconstruction affected the lives of African Americans
According to the first reconstruction act, blacks attained the right to vote and to be recognized by Congress. Blacks were also able to participate in most conventions and become delegates in South Carolina. The Fifteenth Amendment provided for blacks the right to vote, regardless of their race. On the downside, there was the establishment of the "Black Code," which limited the freedom of the freed men and, at the same time, makes sure plantation owners had cheap and stable labor force (Kennedo 18).
Work cited
Kennedo, Derell. "Politics of Reconstruction." Journal of U.S. History (2007): 11-18. Print. Read More
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