It refers in one sense to the reconstruction that was from the year 1865 to 1977 after the civil war. In another aspect, it refers to the reconstruction of the Southern United States between 1863 and 1877. This…
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ecause the radical Republicans did not agree with President Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson on softer terms of bringing back the South to the Union. The Liberal Republicans were of the opinion that those whites who had not held onto the ideologies of the union should not have had their rights restored.
It was still during the civil war that President Abraham Lincoln made plans to reconstruct the Union. The president first made sure that the union armies conquered the large sections of Tennessee and that this state was under the control of the national government. After this is when he moved to put his plan into action. From his second inaugural address, it was clear that Abraham Lincoln thought it better to approach the matter soberly and not punish the south. His plan focused on all including the South that had born the battle.
In 1863, Abraham Lincoln appointed Andrew Johnson to govern the state of Tennessee to serve as a model state for the south. The president then asked the voters of Tennessee to at least have 10% of them taking an oath to uphold the constitution. When this oath was taken, all persons save for the highest officers in the confederate army would be pardoned for their contribution to the war. The rights of the citizens would also be restored except for the slaves.
The president also required that the states that would be reconstructed to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment. This amendment abolished slavery. This, the president called it the ‘new birth of freedom.’ He was however worried that this would not be received well by the whites in the south. He was of the opinion that, just like the white people, the black people were American citizens (Murrin 463)
Due to the differences in ideology between Lincoln and the congress, in July 1864, there was the first direct clash. The congress passed the Wade-Davis bill and adjourned shortly after passing the bill. For Lincoln to continue with his reconstruction plan, he vetoed it by failing to
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The amendments were necessary for the reconstruction of the America’s Southern states. The Thirteenth Amendment was influential in the abolishment of slave trade. The succeeding amendment stipulates privileges, immunities equal protection as well as due process
Further aggravating the situation was the fact that the wounds of defeat were still fresh in the collective psyche of White Southerners and these wounds were deepened with the rising political and economic power of their Northern conquerors (referred to as carpetbaggers) as well as their former slaves.
Further, reconstruction offered ways of readmitting the Southern States into the Union, and describing the ways by which blacks and whites could live together and share things in a free society where no one was enslaved. The south-perceived reconstruction as vengeful and humiliating and in turn protested the move, as they did not like it (Foner, 2012).
While Descartes' claim is not solely and completely clear-cut and well-defined - he does not openly create the relationships that I will formulate, instead, indirectly draws attention to those relationships – the claim is adept of reconstruction. Firstly, observe that Descartes presents two leading issues in the second meditation: (1) the cognito (the idea on thinking); (2) the wax argument.
However, complete guaranteed freedom during then was far from its realization due to key groups and influential icons in the government who had conflicting intentions. Hence, prompting Dubois term the attainment of equality during then as a “splendid failure” because an individual’s recognition or mode of treatment assumed racial lines.
Reconstruction began as early as 1863 before the end of civil war in 1865 and ended in 1877 after the compromise which saw Rutherford B. Hayes assume office and introduction of Jim Crow laws which strengthened and saw continuity of racial segregation fro the next 100 years.
Booth’s bullet changed the nation because Johnson and Lincoln were often diametrically opposed regarding the reconstruction of the South and degree of civil liberties the freed slaves were to be afforded. Johnson’s views on slaves were clearly in opposition to Lincoln’s stance as was his insistence that Ex-Confederates must be punished.
Despite historical injustices suffered by them, black Americans exhibited bravery in the battle grounds as they joined forces with fellow Unionists and staked their lives for the promise of emancipation. Having
implications of the unsuccessful war with all the limitation in the social standards and quick discouragement and hatred was a situation that would make it hard under any criteria to come up with new civilization and new government. Additionally, the 4 million freemen and the