Tsunami: Definition And Prevention - Research Paper Example

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In March 2011, there was a great tsunami in Japan and a large number of casualties. The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant was destroyed, and radioactive waste was leaked from the plant to residential areas. In the paper "Tsunami: Definition And Prevention" tell us more about this information. …
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Tsunami: Definition And Prevention
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Download file to see previous pages The source of the tsunami is an underground earthquake that can travel great distances and once the waves reach the coastline, it produces a giant wave. Tsunamis form usually from underwater earthquakes but may also come from volcanic eruptions and landslides that may hit the water and produce giant waves. Tsunami is so fast that scientists cannot warn the people about the upcoming surge of the natural disaster. The speed of tsunami is almost as fast as an airplane. The damage can be tremendous and buildings and towers can be gone in a matter of seconds. An upcoming tsunami can be noticed by seeing the seawater to be sucked back greatly and exposing vast areas of the rocks and ground which are not usually seen even at low tides. The blowing of the strong wind comes with the forward pushing of the strong winds by continuous surging of the waves known as the wave train. The waves may hit the land for hours. The disastrous effects of the tsunami can be minimized by prevention. Three main countermeasures can be done: permanent structures, emergency management, and reconstruction after the damage. Permanent structures include the permanent transfer of residence to highly-elevated land, seawall construction and tide gate for emergency purposes. Emergency management is a set of practices that are soft countermeasures which include evacuation, tsunami damage reduction plans, and relief and rescue. Regional planning is done as a form of reconstruction after the damage which includes land insurance and resettlement recovery program. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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