We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

The Reconstruction - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Name: Course: Date: Introduction Reconstruction in the South after the civil war was engineered by the presidents and the congress mostly comprised of the Radical Republicans. The most visible Reconstruction plans were those of Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson and the Congress…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
The Reconstruction
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
The Reconstruction

Download file to see previous pages... There were many challenges in the period trying to safeguard rights for African Americans leading to passage of various Acts and constitutional Amendments to guide the process. However, the aim of this paper is to compare the presidential and congressional Reconstruction and to develop a 3-point plan for Reconstruction which would have been more successful than the other plans. The main difference between presidential and congress plans was that the presidential plans were very lenient to the confederates contrary to what Radical Republicans expected. The Congressional Acts and Amendments were very stringent aimed at punishing the rebel states and especially the people in high ranks during the war. The 10% plan by Lincoln entailed pardoning those who swore allegiance to the union as well as the US constitution (Franklin 16). New governments were to be formed using new constitution and abolishment of slavery was a necessity for readmission to the union. Just like Lincoln, Johnson’s plan was even more lenient. It involved pardoning those who took loyalty oaths except high ranking confederate political and military leaders (Ferrell 27). Though Republican and a Southerner by birth, Johnson loathed the wealthy planters as he believed they are the ones who led the secession of south. Those with property worth more than $ 20,000 were thus not allowed to take loyalty oaths and this meant they couldn’t hold public offices or vote. However, he did not address the plight of Freedmen giving room for southerners to establish Black Codes to limit black rights. Those states which created new governments were readmitted to the union on condition that they abolished slavery. The congressional plan was very radical. Republicans wanted to confiscate land of rebels and divide it among the Freedmen and the Freedmen bureau was entrusted with that task. The congress also refused to accept those elected from former confederate states in the congress especially former high ranking officers. The congress unlike Johnson was bent on securing rights and citizenship for former slaves thus passed the Civil Rights Act in 1866 that gave blacks equality under the law and due process of law. It also extended the life of Freedmen’s Bureau and overturned the Black Codes. To further black rights, the congress entrenched these rights in the constitution by passing the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the constitution. Fourteenth Amendment gave citizenship to freedmen, equal protection of law and due process of law. It was passed in 1868 and stated “all persons born or naturalized in the U.S and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of U.S and of state wherein they reside” (Foner 251). The Fifteenth Amendment of 1870 gave blacks suffrage and stated “the right of citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US or by any state on account race, color, or previous condition of servitude” (Ferrell 41). However, it did not guarantee voting as states could still deny blacks right to vote based on other criteria such as poll tax. Besides, gangs like Ku Klux Klan could not allow to them to vote thus unleashed terror on them. States had to ratify both amendments to be readmitted to the union. Besides the two amendments, the congress also devised Reconstruction Acts in 1867 to act as its plan for Reconstruction. Under these four acts, the remaining ten former confederate states which had not ratified the fourteenth Amendment ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Reconstruction
Further aggravating the situation was the fact that the wounds of defeat were still fresh in the collective psyche of White Southerners and these wounds were deepened with the rising political and economic power of their Northern conquerors (referred to as carpetbaggers) as well as their former slaves.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Essay on The Reconstruction
Federal government idea was to improve the life of the southerners in terms of reconstructing their medical care, food production, education voting rights and their living conditions. Lincoln’s view on the process of reconstruction was received with a lot of criticism and resistance by the whites.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Reconstruction
However, complete guaranteed freedom during then was far from its realization due to key groups and influential icons in the government who had conflicting intentions. Hence, prompting Dubois term the attainment of equality during then as a “splendid failure” because an individual’s recognition or mode of treatment assumed racial lines.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Describe and analyze the Reconstruction of the American South between 1863 abd 1877. What was its impact on the future of American society
“It would be best for the peace, harmony, and prosperity of the whole country that there should be an immediate restoration, an immediate bringing back of the States into
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Describe President Andrew Johnsons approach to the task of Reconstruction. Explain how Congress reacted to Johnsons measures during Radical Reconstruction. What led to the end of the Reconstruction era How did Reconstruction affect the lives of Afr
Those who were not eligible for amnesty could appeal for a pardon. In the other proclamation, the President Johnson appointed governors on a provisional basis and gave the authority to establish
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Drawing upon the historical lessons of the Reconstruction Era and cotemporary times, what should the role of government be in society
The country remained unified, yet with a seditious and defeated half brought back only on their knees, to the point where Southern Separatism still exists in America today.1 The lessons from the reconstruction era demonstrate that the government should play a
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Reconstruction
Despite historical injustices suffered by them, black Americans exhibited bravery in the battle grounds as they joined forces with fellow Unionists and staked their lives for the promise of emancipation. Having
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
RECONSTRUCTION
essay will focus on the history of the reconstruction of America after the civil war that began in 1863 with the emancipation clause by President Abraham Lincoln. It was not easy for the leaders to decide whether or not to punish the South for the Civil war. It was even harder
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Evaluate the contributions of the evolutionary theory and traditions/myths of origin to the reconstruction of Africa's past
In essence, they try to relate the creation, as well as migration of a certain group people. For instance, creation and migration stories relate to the mythical past and later periods
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Reconstruction
After its halt, there was the need for reconstruction in the states due to the economic, social, and political damages (Roland 1865). The stop of the war led to the rise of
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Reconstruction for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us