StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The South - Article Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
A paper "The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The South" claims that the slaves lacked fundamental needs such as provisions, garments and shelter. The government had to provide food, clothing, and settle some of the slaves in refugee camps…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.6% of users find it useful
The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The South
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The South"


The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The South
The Reconstruction era focused on achieving freedom from slavery by the African Americans (Stroud, & Schomp, 2006). Very few southern states allowed the slaves to access education, farm, and freedom of expression and citizenship. The civil war that triggered the Reconstruction era ended with many slaves being set free (Stroud, & Schomp, 2006). The slaves lacked fundamental needs such as provisions, garments and shelter. The government had to provide food, clothing, and settle some of the slaves in refugee camps. Constitutional adjustment by the federal administration empowered the African Americans (Stroud, & Schomp, 2006). Social amenities such as schools and churches were established to assist the slaves adopt a lifestyle. Restoration of families and protection were alarming issues.
Education
Slaves were uninformed because most Southern states prohibited them from pursuing education (Stroud, & Schomp, 2006). Poverty rates were high among them and the desire to come out of it inspired them to seek education. They considered education as a stepping-stone to liberty. As this hunger for education rose, the Freedmen’s Bureau and the Northern aid societies engaged in constructing hundreds of schools meant for the freed men. The freedmen contributed significantly to these projects. They inculcated their resources to construction, purchase of facilities, paying teachers and even offering protection to the teachers and schools. Kids and grown persons enrolled in the schools (Stroud, & Schomp, 2006). Such efforts led to the opening of the first black entities in the Southern state and by 1870, most of the teachers in the freed men schools were African Americans (Stroud, & Schomp, 2006).
Church
The Northern missionaries and the Freedmen’s Bureau contributed to the construction of churches. The churches were built alongside the schools or at times, housing served as a church and a school. The freed men not only depended on the aid from the Northern missionaries but also contributed towards the construction of these churches. During slavery, they faced segregation the whites and their preachers who insisted that they should maintain their status. With their own churches, they had the autonomy to prefer preachers of their own, worshipped freely. The churches also provided ground that they used to hold social and political group meetings (Stroud, & Schomp, 2006).
Family life
As slaves, the African Americans could not legalize marriage because the Southern state laws failed to accredit their marriages. On attaining freedom, they desired to legalize their marriages. Mass wedding ceremonies underwent authorization at the Freedmen’s Bureau offices. Most families underwent separation by bondage in slavery (Stroud, & Schomp, 2006). Individuals decided to look for their departed familial relations (Stroud, & Schomp, 2006). The schools helped these members search for their family members
Farming
After slavery, the freed men were poor. They failed to possess, let, and tend farms. The Freedman’s Bureau introduced sharecropping to the freed slaves. This system helped them practice subsistence farming. The organization also could lease farm inputs to the slaves to enhance their farming practices. The incentives offered were paid back after an agreement between the parties (Stroud, & Schomp, 2006).
Reference
Stroud, B., & Schomp, V. (2006). The Reconstruction Era. China: Marsahall Cavendish.
Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The Article - 1”, n.d.)
The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The Article - 1. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1581550-american-history-week-1-16
(The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The Article - 1)
The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The Article - 1. https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1581550-american-history-week-1-16.
“The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The Article - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1581550-american-history-week-1-16.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The South

On the era of reconstruction

... On The Era of Reconstruction By the time the Era of Reconstruction coincided with the Gilded Age to heighten industrialization and development in American economy during the latter decades of the 19th century, changes in social dimensions of freedom with inequality, democracy, and system of justice (Foner, 2007) had to be drastically coped with. Reconstruction may be perceived at the time in history to have caused economic adjustments that enable American freedom to struggle forward and mark history with crucial events that had advanced interests of the Southern citizens. When the acclaimed historian Eric Foner conveys in argument “What remains certain is that Reconstruction failed, and that for blacks its failure was a disaster whose...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Blacks

... to change in the late 1800’s when the Blacks in the south started to migrate to better cities in the south and to the north for a better life especially during the American industrialization. This change brought about a great change in the life of Black Americans in the Unite d States of America socially, politically and economically. The Black ghettos did not just emerge, but were occasioned by among other reasons, a systematic arrangement of the Whites to prevent the Blacks from acquiring proper urban housing in certain areas and to segregate them. Socially, Blacks were considered to be inferior to Whites and were created to serve the Whites, a mentality which was strengthened by the Jim Crow laws. Though small areas that were occupied...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Reconstruction era of the United States

...?Era of reconstruction in the United s lasted twelve years beginning 1865 after the civil war that took place years earlier in an attempt to redress the issue of inequality in slavery, political and economic legacies that were put in place at that time. During that time, many spiteful republicans were drastic and wanted to ensure black supremacy is secure upon federation. The life of African Americans changed after the civil war and the beginning of reconstruction era (Cannon 2009, p.59). Since then reconstruction was viewed as being laudable regarding racial democracy. Therefore, reconstruction witnessed changes that were far-reaching in the political life of America, which included developing new laws and amending the constitution...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Social Science & Social Changes

...SOCIAL SCIENCE & SOCIAL CHANGES Humans are social animals. To socialize with similar people having similar beliefs, thinking and ways of life and tomake communities, interact, communicate and share their similar interests are some of the needs that need to be fulfilled for the development of a human being in for him to lead a complete life to its fullest. To fulfill these and many other purposes, humans form societies. These societies have their own norms, beliefs, rituals, customs, standards and practices, etc. The size of a society may vary from a small group of people to large communities depending upon the nature of the society. Although the existence of societies has many benefits and advantages altogether, but one of the biggest...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Social Changes in the South after the Civil War

... Social Changes in the South after the Civil War Many social changes occurred in the South after the Civil War. Greatest among these was how Southern society would adapt to the newly freed slaves. Slaves now would gain a measure of political representation and the capacity to acquire land and wealth. Southern society chose to replace slavery with segregation (Faust 2003). Laws known as "Jim Crow" laws were passed that prevented freed slaves from participating in the political process in the Southern states. Many former slaves migrated to urban centers in the north seeking greater economic opportunity and less discrimination. In the South, non-legislative means were used to intimidate former slaves from integrating into white...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

MILITARY DISCRIMINIATION ON BLACKS DURING THE RECONSTRUCTION PERIOD

...Discrimination in the military during reconstruction Introduction: The reconstruction era in U.S. history refers to the period after the civil war, when the economy and social structures were rebuilt . Although this applied to the nation as whole, the major changes were made in the Southern United States from the period 1863 to 1877, through the reconstruction of the sates and the existing society in all of the states that formerly belonged to the Confederacy. The period commenced in effect after the Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. Negro soldiers had to struggle at the outset for their right to bear arms; however the discrimination against them continued even into the war...
10 Pages(2500 words)Thesis Proposal

Changes in South West Airlines

...Answers to question on module10 1) At south west Airlines, the type of change that has taken place in this organization is evolutionary. The type of changes that take place in most organizations is evolutionary. This includes gradual, incremental and minor changes. Examples include; total quality management where the organization focuses on small but constant refinement to increase efficiency and improve productivity. They should also have flexible work teams that ensure that workers are trained broadly in all aspects of production (Jones 123). This will ensure that workers can be gradually between various activities and keeps them motivated. Evolutionary change is beneficial for both workers and managers. This type of change is slow...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Reconstruction

...Reconstruction al Affiliation) According to Foner article, reconstruction was a success. The south attempted in changing but the freedmen burdened the changed. According to WEB Du Bois, he stated that reconstruction was complicated when the freed blacks and the freedmen were added. It is stated that the moral implications of the unsuccessful war with all the limitation in the social standards and quick discouragement and hatred was a situation that would make it hard under any criteria to come up with new civilization and new government. Additionally, the 4 million freemen and the situation are more complicated. The south solving the broken society made them freedmen look as burden that needs support. The people from the North forced...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

State Of Blacks During Jim Crow Era

...History 1302 Essay INTRODUCTION The evolution of racial domination of Whites against Blacks in the history of America has spanned more than a few hundred years. Discrimination reflected through racial hatred has changed to the finer gradations of exploitation and harassment at every domain of life in the United States (US) against Blacks regardless of gender across the ages. Events of torture, rape, lynching and denial of economic sustenance were highly prominent for hundreds of years in the US (Marková, 16-18). The term “Jim Crow” in the history of America is often related with the rigid segregation or exclusion of Blacks. The word ‘Jim Crow’ actually referred to black character in an old song. The period 1881 to 1964 marked the era...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Reconstruction

... Topic 2 Factors That Led To the Rise of Big Business in the Years after the Civil War Introduction The American Civil War occurred between 1861 and 1865, which was fueled by slavery in the southern territories that were also known as the Confederate States of America. Other causes of secession included sectionalism, state rights, and protectionism among others (Roland 1861). The war led to the destruction of infrastructure in the South and the death of more than 600,000 soldiers. After its halt, there was the need for reconstruction in the states due to the economic, social, and political damages (Roland 1865). The stop of the war led to the rise of big businesses in the United Stated and mostly in the war-torn states. The rise...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Strong Industrial Economy of South Korea

The scarcity of natural resources in South Korea did not hinder the ingenuity of its people in realizing that there is an economic aspect that it has the highest strength, the labor force. The modern economic development enjoyed by many of the citizens of the country was established by its strong labor force. Nevertheless, the success of Korea’s lift towards industrialization is not primarily due to its emphasis on technological advancements but its reliance and a great investment in human resource development and in persuading large companies to compete in the global markets (Chung 2007).

This research proposal will deal with two themes; the first one is the changing relationship between industrial relations and...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Proposal

Business in Japan and South Asia

The Allies later overthrew it. ‘In the heyday of the main bank system, a stable system existed in which banks and other financial institutions mobilized and allocated savings in a high-growth economy regulated by controls over a loan, deposit, and bond issue interest rates.’ (Masahiko Aoki & Hugh Patrick, ‘The Japanese Main Bank System’ p 21).
The structure of the keiretsu was analogous to the tree layout or branched format. It was this very structure that also seems to have lent a lot of stability in the early years of its inception. Each major keiretsu had one particular bank as its primary funding nucleus. This bank lent a specific keiretsu’s member companies money because they held positi...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Economic Analysis on BMW Cars in the US Car Industry

Mini and the 1-series rapidly grew at a much higher rate through 2008. Since the early days of the new millennium, BMW has been one of the first automakers to utilize flexible factories in which more than one vehicle model could be produced at the same time. This enabled the company to meet shifts in market demand more effectively than BMW’s competitors could. BMW challenges to retain its market position in the international market for luxury cars. Many automakers, such as Hyundai with its Genesis sedan or Nissan's Infiniti brand are increasingly successful in realizing higher margins earned on luxury vehicles. BMW is rated behind luxury brands such as Lexus, Porsche, Mercedes, and Infiniti for these reasons

1. Th...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Multiculturalism: Socio-economic Impacts on Modern States

This paper tends to argue that multicultural policies have promoted social segregation and economic insecurity in modern states. As the most relevant example, it will also evaluate how multicultural policies have evolved to be the most recent threat to the nationality and cohesion of Australia and the United Kingdom.

To begin with, many of the policies enacted on citizenship and immigration have brought about incessant controversy in Australia. In addition, the exceeding emphasis put on the multicultural policy has given rather unfavorable outcomes to both Australia and the UK. Policies that are intended to ensure equal representation and opportunities often create frustration and disappointment among certain interest g...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate social responsibility refers to the responsibility of an organization that focuses not only on optimum utilization of available resources, but also on ensuring its resources, processes, and products are not causing harm to the society at large, and also try to add greater value. However, the explanation of CSR is not limited to this thought and is perceived differently by different organizations, different groups of population and different regions of the world (Karake-Shalhoub & Karake, 1999).

A holistic understanding why organizations can have such lasting effect on the society may be drawn from Dawe’s (1970; p.214) explanation of sociology that identifies two distinct aspects, sociology of social...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Using Law for Social Workers

The involvement of social work in society has always said to be highly contested. During recent years it has been seen that there is an unvarying attack on its ethics and values. Managerial controls have been increased a lot in social work and it has affected a lot at all levels of autonomy among social workers. This has bought some sort of crisis in the social work department. “The relationship between law and social work is complex.” (Brayne & carr 1). There are two facts to criticize this. The first one is these social workers are created by the government and are meant for public service and also to regulate various activities. A second obsession is these social workers are always very caring professionals. The...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Economy and Social Activity of The Broken Hill Community

Soon a retail industry was built up and the community began to grow and is considered to be a society with a civic nature (Learning Communities in Education and Training, 2009). The community of Broken Hill can be considered to be highly diverse with a census that was conducted in the area in 1996 showed that out of the then population there were 961 people who came from overseas and a large amount of those was not from an English speaking nation. The large composition of the population in the community at the time was aboriginals or Torres Strait Islanders. Broken Hill thus shows a varying ethnic community and a diverse mindset considering a large proportion of the people are from nations such as Greece, Malta and even Italy (Lea...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

The Social, Cultural and Political Consequences of Globalization in KSA


Globalization is considered to be the interconnectedness developed by the increased flow of capital, goods, images, people and their ideologies among various nations. It is the result of the free-market policy of the world economy. It is characterized by the introduction of new technologies and considers humanity to be one social community where social and cultural differences do not exist. Philip Cerny has defined the term as a set of economic and political structures which is the outcome of change in characteristics of goods and assets constituting the economy.

Cultural and social globalization denotes the extensive movement of goods, technologies, ideas, images and people around the entire world which has been...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

The Relationship Between Financial Perfprmance and Corporate Social Resposibility on Saudi Electricity Company

The pragmatic parallel mixed methods design was adopted for the study using the questionnaire, structured interview guide and content analysis were the primary instruments utilized in the collection of data. A total of 500 respondents participated in the study. These respondents represented the five sectors considered in the study, namely: the community residents, SEC employees, SEC managers, personnel from other establishments (i.e., the marketplace) and the government.  A combination of sampling techniques was used in this study: stratified random sampling, for the community respondents and SEC employees; simple random sampling, for the respondents of other companies; and purposive sampling for SEC managers and a representa...
88 Pages(22000 words)Case Study

Economic and Social Impact of Globalization

Global corporations are heightening their awareness of the nature of their business relationships with diverse governments considered of primary importance to manage factors influencing their performance. From among the elements that global organizations closely and continuously evaluate, the social and economic impacts are considered of significant importance. As the components and diverse perspectives of globalization affect both the host organizations and those nations they do business with, this research aims to proffer significant social and economic issues that impact global strategies.

The concept of globalization encompasses theories beyond the traditional view that global corporations merely do business abroad....
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Article on topic The Reconstruction Era: The Economic and Social Changes Blacks in The South for FREE!

Contact Us