Nationalism in Italian and German Unification, 1815-1871 - Essay Example

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It has frequently been argued that modern nationalism in Western Europe was an outcome of the French Revolution and the movement of romanticism, but this is apparently a generalization. National consciousness was existent in majority of the European countries throughout the medieval ages…
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Nationalism in Italian and German Unification, 1815-1871
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Download file to see previous pages Particularly in the smaller states the prince remains the embodiment of national ideals. This dynastic loyalty implied by the seventeenth century, in any case, the works of a prevalent national consciousness concentrated though it could be upon the governing divine monarch. All over Europe the mercantilist scheme put emphasis on the precedence of national consciousness and interest over those of other nations.
Nationalism assumed on various forms as it infiltrated different ways of observing the world and the nation. There is no solitary nationalism; there is in its place a diversity of nationalisms. Furthermore, these nationalisms developed within the paradigm of the varied European countries. However, in this development we can make out a number of common milestones. Otto Van Bismarck of Germany, the genuine politician, approached the front, whereas in Italy the ambitious Giuseppe Mazzini was succeeded by the pragmatic Camillo Cavour, whose preferred philosopher was Jeremy Bentham, a renowned Utilitarian (llobera 1994). National aspirations were guided toward practical accomplishments through peacekeeping or military hostility. This was merely one transition in nationalism after 1848, nonetheless; there was another.
This essay will attempt to discuss a comparative point of view on the form of nationalism that developed in Italy and Germany in the Unification attempts initiated in the nineteenth century. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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