We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Why was there a 'Scramble for Africa' between 1860 and 1900 - Essay Example

Comments (0)
The Imperialism began to reign at the end of the 19th century. It is defined as “an unequal human and territorial relationship, usually in the form of an empire, based on ideas of superiority and practices of dominance, and involving the extension of authority and control of one state or people over another” (Gregory et al , p.373). …
Download full paper
Why was there a Scramble for Africa between 1860 and 1900
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Why was there a 'Scramble for Africa' between 1860 and 1900

Download file to see previous pages... The definition itself can form negative attitude towards this phenomenon. In history this period is characterized mainly by the cruel attitude of people from developed countries towards the people from less developed territories. Really, we can find many facts of cruel exploitation of one nation by another nation, facts of humiliation, which serve as the reason of such a bad attitude towards imperialism. It is a well-known fact that after the abolition of slavery, Africans appeared in not less difficult situation. They did not know how to live without a job and accommodation. Former slave owners also lost their labor force and experienced many difficulties. All these factors could influence the economy negatively, thus the quite different relations between Africans and Europeans should have been established. Here imperialism can be considered from the point of view of mutual advantage and beneficial cooperation between Europe and Africa. The 1880s brought many changes to the life of Africa and these changes can’t be called positive. There was a period in the history of African continent, when the European countries had been struggling for its territory and resources. “The nature of European imperialism remains very contested. Much of the discussion revolves around notions of empire by rule and ignores both the wider context of Western expansion and the recourse to ‘informal’ influence in large areas of the non-Western world” (Darwin 2013, p.1) It was a period of colonization. The great changes, which happen in Europe that time served as the reasons (Hobson, 2005). During this period Europe was going through rapid changes in economic, social and military aspects. Many parts of Africa were occupied by Europeans. Great Britain had a big part of the African continent beginning with Freetown in Sierra Leone, some fortresses near the Gambia, some places in Lagos and ending with the Gold Coast territory. The significant part of the continent was occupied by France. The colonies in Dakar and in Senegal, the land near river Senegal belonged to France (Simon, 1998). It had power over the Assinie and Grand Bassam and the cost of Dahomey. Moreover, France had a successful attempt to colonize Algeria already in 1830. Portugal and Spain had their territory in Africa as well. Portugal occupied the territories of Angola and Mozambique. Spain possessed lands in Ceuta and Melilla. The Ottoman Turks were among the most powerful colonists. They had power over Egypt, Tunisia and Libya (Bennet, 1984). The question is how such struggle for Africa can be explained. The reasons can be found in the events that had happened in Europe that time. “Here the growth of imperial rivalries in the late nineteenth century is explained in terms of a far-reaching series of geopolitical crises, ignited by processes of political and economic transformation in non-Western states in the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, and East Asia. It is argued, nonetheless, that conventional accounts grossly exaggerate the ‘tooth and claw’ nature of imperialist competition before 1914, which was closely constrained by the requirements of Europe’s own politics. Until, that is, the onset of the Great Depression, and the rise of radical nationalist states in Germany and Japan, created the conditions for unrestricted imperialist warfare on a global scale, with catastrophic results” (Darwin 2013, p.1). The most important reason was the abolition of the slave trade. In reality this abolition was related only to the trade out of the land and in the continent the situation was quite different. Slaves’ owners were not ready to lose them. The Muslim merchants continued ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
British Imperialists' Motives in Scramble for Africa
In general terms, imperialism can be defined as the domination of one group over another (Baumgart, 1982, pp. 1). However,the etymological roots of the word implies an empire; hence, broadly speaking, any imperial rule can be regarded within the category of imperialism.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
How far Does Lenin's Theory of Capitalist Imperialism Explain the Scramble for Africa
However, there are certain concepts, such those of capitalism and imperialism which can be used for understanding the behaviour of states as members of the international community. It should be noted that the elements and the terms of these concepts tend to be continuously changed through the years, serving different political and economic interests.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
How and why did transportation and expansionist developments spark economic growth during the period from 1860-1900 in U.S
This period s considered to be one of the most critical in the US history especially with regard to economic growth. Most economic and history scholars agree that remarkable economic growth witnessed during this period can be highly attributed to the massive growth of the industry during that period (Cain and Jonathan 20).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
African-American Life Between 1860-1877: The Black Soldiers
A revolution is any “sudden or momentous change in a situation”. The American Civil War o 1860-1877 was definitely a momentous occasion for Negroes in particular and Americans in general. This was a time when America underwent some radical changes. These changes were scary at the time but made America a stronger nation as a result.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Why Did The Scramble For Africa happen When it Did
Why Did the Scramble for Africa happen when it did? The scramble for Africa is a term used to refer to the way European powers partition the African continent for colonization. In 1885, a conference chaired by the then chancellor of Germany Otto Van Bismarck in Berlin is considered to be the beginning for the scramble for Africa (Evelyn, 2010).
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
The role of entrepenurship in the 1860-1900 and the role of technolgy in railroads and government influence and tariff policys a
Other resources from the West included gold, silver and lumber. The massive production of these resources raised the need for better means of transport. It is in the Gilded Age that the development of railroad peaked. People increasingly used trains in transporting goods from the West, where they were in surplus, to the East.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Scramble for Africa
"A 'scramble for Africa' took place in the late 19th century, when Britain, France and Germany competed to carve Africa into colonies. Today corporations from the U.S., France, Britain and China are competing to profit from the rulers of often chaotic and corrupt regimes" (Leigh & Pallister 2005, par.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
European Imperialism in Africa
Africa was no exception and by 1900, 90% of the continent would come under European domain.1 The reasons for this fast spread expansion into Africa have been the subject of debate for nearly a century. While some theorists hold that expansion was brought on by a purely economic drive to control new markets, others see the virulent nationalism of European powers and the ensuing rivalries as the main cause.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
How did Industrialization change America between 1860 and 1900
The country was initially on the lead in terms of development and industrialization came in to push it even further ahead. It is important to go through the various issues and developments witnessed in the United States between 1860
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
International trade between Japan and Africa
These include the raw materials needed for industrial activities in many parts of the world. However, it is important to highlight that the international trade relations between Japan and Africa has been mutually beneficial. This follows that
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Why was there a 'Scramble for Africa' between 1860 and 1900 for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us