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International Security: Kuwait war 1990-1991 - Essay Example

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Date Plenty of literature has been written concerning the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and most of it has tended to put Iraq, and the regime that ruled it, in an extremely negative light. However, Hamdi Hassan1in his book focuses more on the factors, both historical and contemporary, which led to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait…
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International Security: Kuwait war 1990-1991
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Download file to see previous pages In addition, he was a staunch supporter of the Palestinian cause against the Israeli occupation, a fact which was noted by his fellow Arabs and appreciated. It is therefore a fact that when he eventually attacked Kuwait with the intention of annexing it, there was widespread support for his action. Hassan notes that despite the fact that many Middle Eastern governments condemned the invasion, they did not do it in support of the Western response of it, but through the use of religion. They used Islamic teachings to condemn the invasion because their own popularity depended on the good opinion of their citizens, who supported the Iraqi leader. Jerry Long2on the other hand, states that Hussein used religion and Arabism as a means through which to justify the invasion. Long states that despite being the head of a secular regime, Hussein used Islam and its defense as a justification for the invasion and this shows that the Iraqi regime was not beyond using religion as a tool for attaining its goals. Iraq had long viewed Kuwait as a renegade province which had to be brought back under Iraqi control. To achieve this end, the Iraqi regime knew that nothing would be more appealing in the Arab world than the religion, since it is what holds the Arab society together. Furthermore, the idea of Arabism was also a uniting factor in the Middle East and because of the appeal to it made by the Iraqi regime, many Arabs ended up supporting the invasion. Long states that the Iraqi propaganda was so effective that when the Allied coalition attempted to push Iraqi forces out of Kuwait, it had to use the exact same propaganda to justify why it were doing so. The coalition ended up using Islamic teachings in an attempt not only to bring the Arab public to its side, but also to justify the presence of non – Muslim forces in the Middle East. However, when one considers Long’s analysis, it will be noted that most of his utterances are pro-West at best and are not balanced. According to Rahman3, while a lot has been written concerning the reasons for the invasion of Kuwait, including the fact that Iraq claimed sovereignty over Kuwait and the latter’s overproduction of oil at Iraq’s expense, the fact that there was a long standing border dispute has rarely been covered. This border dispute was concentrated on an oil rich area between these two countries and this became a contentious issue because it was not known who had the right to extract this valuable resource from this area. Rahman states that the border dispute originated at the beginning of the twentieth century when the Ottoman Empire established outposts in this area, causing the ruler of Kuwait, in alarm, to declare that these territories were a part of Kuwait. After Kuwait, which was a British protectorate, gained independence, the British recognized the border territory to be a part of Kuwait and this led to a lot of bitterness from the Iraqis. The British recognition of Kuwaiti suzerainty over this area without any consultation with Iraq meant that the door for future conflict between these two states was left open and this would eventually culminate in the invasion of Kuwait.4 One would therefore state that Rahman implies that the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait did not originate with Saddam Hussein but with the border ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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