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INTERNATIONAL LAW: IRAQI INVASION OF KUWAIT 1990-1991 - Research Paper Example

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Name: Course: Tutor: Date: International Law: Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait 1990-1991 The UN council for the first time issued use of force on the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait just as it did with the Korean case (Roberts 309). However, the use of the military force on Iraq raised many issues and received some resistance from sections of the council members…
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INTERNATIONAL LAW: IRAQI INVASION OF KUWAIT 1990-1991
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Download file to see previous pages The council was also waiting for the ceasefire agreement between the tow countries. Prior to the use of force, the council had initially tried adoption of the various 12 resolutions of the Chapter VII and the aim was to force Iraqi to ceasefire on Kuwait. They attempted the use of sanctions in their quest to make Iraqi to withdraw from the war (Chesterman 25). Deployment of US troops was done on the Saudi Arabia soils on August 8, 1990 in an attempt to further prevent invasion of Saudi Arabia by the Iraqi forces (Roberts 309). Four US objectives were required to be fulfilled during the desert operations and the first objective was to restore Kuwait government. Secondly, they were to liberate Kuwait as well as to restore stability and security entirely in Saudi Arabia. The restoration of stability was crucial since a number of people had been displaced and they were living as refugees. The fourth objective was the US citizens’ protection. Authorization of the use of military force against Iraqi was arrived at in late October 1990 between the US and the Soviet Union. Many critics resulted from this authorization since the UN council claimed that the use of sanctions had not failed. ...
The resolutions further specified the attainment of the mandate by the different willing member states and the request by the Council for its regular updates was limited. The Iraqi government did not show any compliant with the laid down resolutions and therefore a total of 28 military coalition’s states decided to expel the Iraqi forces that were still in Kuwait. The attainment of this mission was realized using airpower in the year 1991 between January 16 and February 24 (McInnes 31). Many land offensive actions took place during the airpower invasion and displacement all over Kuwait was witnessed (McInnes 30). Large part of the Kuwait soils as well as Southern parts of Iraqi was occupied. In the year 1991 on 3rd of April the then president of Iraqi Saddam Hussein was required to comply in accordance to the 687 resolutions. These 687 resolutions required Saddam Hussein to surrender all the weapons of mass destruction as well compensation of the Kuwait government and citizens following the damages that resulted from the war .The use of sanctions remained in place until all the requirements of the 687 resolutions were fully implemented by Iraqi government. In the same year, UNIKOM was formed and its mandate was to monitor and regulate demilitarization of both Kuwait and Iraqi. The use of Desert Storm and Operations Desert Shield raised two important issues and the issues were all concerned with the restoration of peace in the two countries. In the invasion Iraqi had literally occupied the whole of the Kuwait territory and their case represented a unique scenario where one member country occupied the whole territory of the other country. The Council therefore, decided to give some ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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