Christianity arose out of Judaism and rapidly developed as a faith with a separate identity, based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, referred to as the Christ (Pollock 9). Devotees of the Christian faith are identified as Christians.
There are many different denominations within Christianity. These have evolved over the years often because of disagreements about teachings or through different ways of worshiping. Most, however agree on the basic tenets of faith (Pollock 9). The narrative account about Jesus Christ’s ministry and an early history of Christianity are contained in the New Testament of the Holy Bible. This paper endeavors to tackle what transpired before and after the existence of Christianity into the world.
Iliad and Odyssey
This is one of the ancient poems that preserved the beautiful legends during the Aegean age (around 1100 B.C.) that highlighted remarkable excavations that disclosed the remains of a widespread and flourishing civilization during those times (Webster 75).
Sparta was the undisputed leader of Continental Greece and of the Aegean during the period of 404-362 B.C., it ended the struggles for supremacy between rival cities; however, the Greek cities soon found that they exchanged the mild sway of Athens for the brutal tyranny of Sparta (Webster 110). The Punic Wars During the period of 264-218 B.C., the West is ruled by the kingdoms of Rome and Carthage, who at the beginning were in friendly alliance and eventually became the bitterest of foes; the three
wars between them are known as the Punic Wars, which are the famous contests that ancient history records and in the end, they lead to the complete destruction of Carthage (Webster 156). The Polis In 175 B.C. a portion of Jerusalem was constituted a city-state or “polis”, which is defined not by its physical formation but by its Greek/Hellenized citizenship and way of life; during the Hellenistic period, the Temple State and the subsequent Jerusalem State was a theocracy in which the High Priest ruled (Thomas & Jayyusi 80). Spartacus Spartacus spent some years as a paid auxiliary for the Romans who then became a gladiator and turned against the Roman Empire and was the sole military leader of the Slave War at around 73-71 B.C. possibly to end the Roman’s invasion of his homeland, Thrace (Fields 28). Jesus of Nazareth (Source: http://gambar-kristen.blogspot.com/2011/04/jesus-of-nazareth.html) Jesus was born Jewish in the Roman province of Palestine during the time of Herod the Great. The term Christ came from the Greek word Xristos, which can be translated as the “anointed one” or “messiah” in Hebrew (Pollock 11). His life and teachings were the groundwork of Christian faith. Central Beliefs of Christianity and the Creed The belief that Jesus rose from the dead is central to Christians. As the son of God, Jesus represents the person that all Christians must strive to be like. Christians believe that he was perfect and that he came to earth to teach God’s plan. Christians believe in one all-powerful creator, God. Thus, the most important belief for Christians is that the world and everything in it is an expression of God’s power and love (Pollock 16). From the beginning of Christianity, devotees have tried to concur on statements of beliefs, called creeds. A creed is a set of principles or opinions especially as it refers to a religious philosophy of life (Pollock 16). Creeds attempt to verbalize what cannot really be expressed in words. For instance, most Christians agree that God is three persons in one: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus), and God the Holy Spirit, creating the Holy Trinity. The Canon of the Holy Scriptures The religious and moral norms of the Christians are largely determined by three different forms of authority: the legal authority, the traditional authority and the charismatic authority. The legal authority includes the canon of Holy Scripture, the writings of the church fathers and the