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Asthma: Importance of Regular Reviews - Assignment Example

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AIn the paper “Asthma: Importance of Regular Reviews” the author looks at asthma as a common respiratory condition that affects people of all ages and sexes irrespective of region and race. This condition affects about 300 million people in the world including children…
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Asthma: Importance of Regular Reviews
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Download file to see previous pages Most of the patients develop symptoms in early childhood. 80-90 percent of them experience symptoms before 6 years of age (Brenner, 2009). But, the clinical presentation can occur at any age. If left unattended and in the presence of severe symptoms, asthma can contribute to morbidity and mortality. Asthma is an incurable disease and individuals with this condition will need regular follow-up and monitoring of symptoms. In this essay, the importance of regular follow up and review in asthma will be discussed along with clinical manifestations, diagnosing methods and management strategies with reference to an adult patient with asthma who is a passive smoker and is not on regular follow-up.
The most common symptoms of asthma in an adult are wheezing, cough, nocturnal or exercise-induced cough, breathlessness, tightness of chest and sputum production (Brenner, 2009). The symptoms may be perennial or seasonal, continuous or intermittent, or during the day or night. Some of the precipitating or aggravating factors include viral infections, intense emotions, environmental irritants, exercise, pets or carpets at home, drugs like aspirin, addictive foods, weather changes, stress and certain diseases like gastrointestinal reflux, sinusitis and rhinitis (Brenner, 2009; Hamilos, 1995). Many patients have a family history of asthma or other allergy conditions.
Based on the history of frequency and the severity of acute exacerbation, asthma is classified into four types. They are mild intermittent asthma, mild persistent asthma, moderate persistent asthma, and severe persistent asthma. It is important to ascertain the severity of asthma in a patient because; treatment of asthma is based on the severity and frequency of symptoms. In mild intermittent asthma, the symptoms occur less than twice a week. The flare-ups are brief and the intensity varies.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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