Adult obesity: A literature review on the contributory factors and consequences
Obesity is one of the most important issues of the society in the present age (Ford and Mokdad, 2008, p. 51). …
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Obesity is the name of a condition that causes an individual to have abnormally unhealthy and high content of body fat. A positive balance of energy in which the intake of energy is more than its expenditure, sustained over a long period of time causes obesity (World Health Organization, 2000). Obesity is conventionally measured with a scale called body mass index (BMI), which is square of the ratio of weight in kilograms and height in meters of an individual (National Cancer Institute, 2012, p. 1). Obesity has seriously affected the health of people all across the world in general and in the US in particular (Allender et al., 2006). “An epidemic of overweight and obesity in the United States has had profound effects on the health of the general population, with consequent development of metabolic syndrome and related morbidity and mortality” (Megna et al., 2011, p. 131). The population of obese people in the US has more than doubled in the years from 1980 to 2004, with the percentage of obese people in the US in 1980 being 15 per cent and that in 2004 being 32 per cent (Yaniv, Rosin, and Tobol, n.d., p. 1). The technological advancement has played an important role in increasing people’s tendency to become obese. ...
Frustration and depression are some of the most common consequences of obesity in adults. In the contemporary age, where beauty is defined in terms of smartness, obese adults feel themselves out of proportion, and measuring very low on the scale of obesity. Media has played a very important role in inculcating this perception in the people’s minds that to be slim is to be beautiful. Other factors that have contributed to an increase in the looks-consciousness include wealth and opulence. Walk is one of the most useful exercises to shed off weight. It enhances the metabolism of the body. The energy consumed in extensive walk is drawn from the fat stored in the body. This causes the fat to burn and the muscles to develop, thus causing a two-way effect to reduce weight. This paper discusses the potential causes and consequences of obesity among adults. Causes Physical inactivity and lack of exercise are some of the factors that have been frequently identified by a lot of researchers as the potential causes of obesity in adults. Silventoinen et al. (2009) studied the modifying impact of protein intake and physical activity on the BMI. Results of their research suggested a reduction in the genetic variation of weight in physically active adults, which indicates that the action of genes which cause an individual’s predisposition to obesity can be modified by physical activity. Okura et al. (2005) conducted a quantitative research to identify the impact of aerobic exercise and the phenotype of obesity over the reduction of abdominal fat as a result of weight loss. It was found that the efficacy of the reduction of intra-abdominal fat (IF) of supplementing a diet-alone weight reducing program with aerobic exercise training is
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