Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR). This is a growth abnormality in a fetus inside the womb. It occurs when ultrasound indicates that the baby weight is below 10th percentile for their gestation age.
11. Large for Gestation Age (LGA). The term is used to either refer to…
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It is common in babies that are being breastfed. It develops when the liver of the baby is insufficient to remove the bilirubin from the bloodstream. The condition can occur when newborn fail to get a good start to breastfeeding, or when breastfeeding is supplemented with subtitles that end up interfering with breastfeeding. Enough breastfeeding helps to create a bowel movement that secrets bilirubin build up. Stoll, et al 210 states that, breastfeeding jaundice normally resolves itself when the baby gets enough feeding.
If jaundice last for more than 14 days in a healthily breastfed infants, the condition is called breastfed jaundice. According to feeding requirement of premature infants, the condition is caused by certain state in breast milk, which disservices proteins that are responsible for breaking down bilirubin. This condition is genetically inherited. The Treatment of the breast milk jaundice depends on factors such as, whether the baby was born prematurely or not. There are cases where jaundice does not occur because of insufficient breastfeeding. In such case, giving the baby extra fluid will help. Other treatments include placing the baby under special blue light. In cases where the bilirubin supersedes the normal threshold, it is recommended that the mother stop nursing for a period of 24 hrs.
This condition is common in babies are born prematurely or those who experience respiratory problem after birth. The condition involves abnormal development of the lung tissue in infant normally due to being under mechanical ventilation for long. BPD may also arise from other conditions that a newborn is unable to cope with. Such conditions may include pneumonia and trauma or other infections. There is no known cure for BPN; any treatment is aimed at ensuring that the baby gets enough oxygen that will enhance their growth. Some of the medication used may include antibiotics- to reduce bacterial infection; short
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Developmental care is defined as the strategies used in neonatal care units to enable in reduction of the level of stress that a premature infant goes through (Hamilton, Moore and Naylor, 2008, p. 190). According to Abbott and Israel (2008, p. 80), neonatal intensive care units organisation has effects on the development an infant’s brain and its organisation.
This is achieved through the prevention and relief of suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems; including physical, psychosocial and spiritual problems. More often this approach doesn’t involve use of medicine to relieve pain but focuses on other aspects of treatment that connect with the mind, spirit and the physical aspects of the patients and their families (WHO, 2011).
In this research study, the use of whole exome sequencing for patients with NDM provides a pertinent substitute for NDM molecular diagnosis. Initially, patients who suffered from diabetes mellitus were treated using insulin therapy. Patients who carried a mutant gene in KCNJ11 or ABCC8 were treated using oral sulfonylurea drugs instead of insulin.
Conduction is the direct heat loss from the infant to the surface with which he or she is in direct contact, such as infant to the mattress. Convection is heat loss from the infant to the surrounding air. The wind passing over the skin can absorb heat from the neonate if it is colder.
rted from 1990-2004 (CDC), as a result of infection of the umbilical stump and the mother being vaccinated only once in two cases with the third case being unknown. It is extremely rare for neonates to contract tetanus.
Hospitals and other health care facilities have
During the 1950’s, 100 deaths due to neonatal tetanus was reported annually. In the late 1950’s the death rate was greatly reduced due to a change in the vaccine. (Tetanus Q&A). With the ability to vaccinate prior to exposure the ACIP
One of the common problems encountered in preterm babies is respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), which is also known as hyaline membrane disease (Cloherty, 2004). RDS is a respiratory condition that occurs mostly in premature infants (Pramanik and Rosenkranz, 2009).
The conclusion from this study states that awareness and significance about the role of neonatal nurses are necessary to highlight various aspects of this profession. The neonatal nurses are equipped with immense knowledge, skills and interpersonal capabilities which enables them to deal with the acutely ill neonates.
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