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NEONATAL - Essay Example

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Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR). This is a growth abnormality in a fetus inside the womb. It occurs when ultrasound indicates that the baby weight is below 10th percentile for their gestation age.
11. Large for Gestation Age (LGA). The term is used to either refer to…
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Download file to see previous pages It is common in babies that are being breastfed. It develops when the liver of the baby is insufficient to remove the bilirubin from the bloodstream. The condition can occur when newborn fail to get a good start to breastfeeding, or when breastfeeding is supplemented with subtitles that end up interfering with breastfeeding. Enough breastfeeding helps to create a bowel movement that secrets bilirubin build up. Stoll, et al 210 states that, breastfeeding jaundice normally resolves itself when the baby gets enough feeding.
If jaundice last for more than 14 days in a healthily breastfed infants, the condition is called breastfed jaundice. According to feeding requirement of premature infants, the condition is caused by certain state in breast milk, which disservices proteins that are responsible for breaking down bilirubin. This condition is genetically inherited. The Treatment of the breast milk jaundice depends on factors such as, whether the baby was born prematurely or not. There are cases where jaundice does not occur because of insufficient breastfeeding. In such case, giving the baby extra fluid will help. Other treatments include placing the baby under special blue light. In cases where the bilirubin supersedes the normal threshold, it is recommended that the mother stop nursing for a period of 24 hrs.
This condition is common in babies are born prematurely or those who experience respiratory problem after birth. The condition involves abnormal development of the lung tissue in infant normally due to being under mechanical ventilation for long. BPD may also arise from other conditions that a newborn is unable to cope with. Such conditions may include pneumonia and trauma or other infections. There is no known cure for BPN; any treatment is aimed at ensuring that the baby gets enough oxygen that will enhance their growth. Some of the medication used may include antibiotics- to reduce bacterial infection; short ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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