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Sport and exercise in health science - Essay Example

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Sport and Exercise in Health Science Name: Course: Date: Sport and Exercise in Health Science Client: Stuart Houltham Age at the time programme is prescribed: 22 yrs. Competitive status: National and international mountain biker Training status Resistance training: 10 years Sport specific activity: 8 years Stage of cycle: sprint/ Olympic Sprint and Keirin Before kicking off in any type of exercise program, it is advisable for an individual to obtain an inclusive clearance from a personal or family physician…
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Download file to see previous pages This paper presents the way forward in developing a training programme within a season’s span, with cycling having been the sport on which the program is to be based. Client Summary Stuart is an experienced New Zealand national and international athlete on the mountain bike scene. Since he entered into the cycling career, Stuart’s affection for the race has all through been blooming. This can be attributed to his slow transition towards the steeper and rockier terrain and the almost carpet covered trails. This was the case in Karapoti in 2000. Another of Stuart’s strengths is that he has learned to always remain in the front countable riders especially on the way to the warm-up climb. He is always putting efforts to ensure that he does not drift back too far. Bringing the gap between him and other leading cyclists is his duty. Besides, confidence has been his portion and this virtue has aided him comfortably out-cycle competitor cyclists (Friel, 1996). Notwithstanding the above strengths, Stuart has, in view of incidences, had little mishap accompanied with a dropped chain forcing him to lose his lead. In addition, there are times when his back and calves tend to burn. Nevertheless, he has learned to contain this by turning himself inside out so as to hold on up the pushing sections. Stuart, being a track sprinter, usually participates in three principal cycling events. These events are the ones to which attention will be given. The three include the sprint, Olympic sprint and Keirin. Programme Rationale This training programme is ordinarily geared towards improving one or a combination of three physiological systems, which include cardiovascular, systems, energy systems and muscular systems. As thus, the training adaptations required include such as fat burning enzymes, mitochondria density, lactic acid tolerance, blood volume, heart stroke volume, red blood cell content, diaphragm capacity, capillary density, muscle mass, muscle strength, neuromuscular adaptation and muscle llb shift to lla (Hendler, 2012). Although there are three types of energies the client- by virtue of being a track sprinter- more requires aerobic energy system. This is so because it is useful for a time frame beyond four hours. Cycling Proficiencies For our client, there are a number of cycling proficiencies that are needed of him. These do not necessary mean tactics, mental proficiencies or even skills; they are physiological proficiencies. The principal proficiencies for cycling include sprinting, climbing (both short hills and long mountains), time trailing, multi-hour road racing and chasing breaks – commonly referred to as accelerations or chasing breaks. In order to support the above mentioned proficiencies, there are also numerous physiological capabilities that are quite vital for purposes of realizing the desired cycling results (Armstrong & Carmichael, 2000). These physiological capabilities are divided into strength, level of intensity and endurance. There are a number of ways in which the level of intensity can be measured and explained: percentage of the maximum heart rate, percentage of VO2 maximum, heart rate zones (ranging between 1 and 5), watts, percentage of the lactate threshold or the relative perceived exertion (RPE) values ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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