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Core Stability and Low Back Pain - Annotated Bibliography Example

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This paper presents the Core stability and strengthening which has become a well-known fitness and treatment of choice that has started to transcend into the sports medicine world. Popular fitness programs, such as Pilates, yoga, and tai chi follows core stability and strengthening principles. …
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Core Stability and Low Back Pain
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Download file to see previous pages When the system works as it should the result is proper to force distribution and maximal force generation with minimal force at the joints.  The core is particularly important in sports because it provides stability and mobility. 
It has been suggested and studied that core stability and strengthening exercises are important in maintaining the core, especially in the case of spinal instability.  The gross spinal instability result displacement of vertebrae, which is often associated with neurological deficit and deformity. However, functional or clinical instability is not as easily defined.  Panjabi described clinical instability as, "instability in which the loss of the spines' ability to maintain its patterns of displacement under physiologic loads so there is no initial or additional neurologic deficit, no major deformity, and no incapacitating pain." Furthermore, the stability of the spine is not only dependent on muscular strength, but also proper sensory input.  Thus a complete core stabilizing program would consider sensory and motor component s relates to these systems for optimal spinal stabilization.
Bjerkefors, A., M.M. Ekblom, K. Josefsson, and A. Thorstensson. 201. Deep and superficial abdominal muscle activation during trunk stabilization exercises with and without instruction to hollow. Manual Therapy 15, 502-507. The aim of the authors is to evaluate the levels of activation of the TrA and the superficial Rectus Abdominis or RA muscles during five common stabilization exercises performed in supine, bridging and four-point kneeling positions with and without instructions to hollow and as they continuously pull the lower part of the abdomen towards the spine. The authors are experts in the school of sport and health sciences as well as neuroscience, all from Stockholm Karolinska Institutet.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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