The paper "Theories And Models Of Learning" discusses the three theories of learning which include humanist, cognitive-constructivist and the behaviorist theories and the principles that define the. It also discusses how the theories relate to the development of the curriculum in special education…
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This is the theory of learning that focuses on things that can be seen and does not put into account any mental activities. It is only concerned with learned behavior whether it is through experience or through watching. Proponents of this theory believe that people can learn more from external stimuli than if they are actively involved in the process. Learning is acquiring new behavior and behaviorists describe this as conditioning. There are two types of conditioning that explain the reason as to why both human beings and animals are taught or learn to do certain things. The first type is classical conditioning where there is a reinforcement of a natural reflex or another type of behavior that happens as a result of exposure to a stimulus. Operant conditioning, on the other hand, is the reinforcement of behavior by rewarding it. Every time a particular behavior is practiced, the participant is given a reward. Operant conditioning is the most important type of behaviorist learning and is seen as more powerful than classical conditioning. Just as the way positive behavior is reinforced, so is negative behavior. Negative behavior is discouraged by immediate punishment. For instance, the monkeys that were kept in a cage and every time they tried to reach out for the banana, they were electrocuted. With time, they all restrained from reaching out for the banana no matter how enticing it was.
Humanists focus mostly on human beings and emphasize on issues of personal choice, creativity, and spontaneity of an individual.
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“Theories And Models Of Learning Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1697406-theories-and-models-of-learning.
Instructors should pay keen attention to aspects such as motivation, choice, and responsibility since they have a phenomenal influence on the learning process. Instruction is ineffective if it incorporates only one set of learning preferences.
As a teacher, I see to it that learners are well motivated, the environment is conducive for learning, students are relaxed and comfortable, and they receive enough time to rehearse and apply the concepts or skills learned. Putting all these considerations together, I would say that I combine three approaches to learning. These approaches include behaviorism, constructivism, and cognitivism. However, I lay more emphasis on behaviorism because it guides me in my classroom management. There cannot be any learning if a classroom is not managed.
Behaviorism is an important approach in educating younger students. Young learners may sometimes be unmanageable especially when they are left on their own (Casas, 2011). In teaching, behaviorists usually lay down the rules to the students at the beginning of the year.
The process of acquiring knowledge is unique to every individual. The learning process defines how an individual acquires knowledge. As such, various psychologists have designed relevant learning theories that seek to define how people learn.
Learning happens either as a self study or Directed study with experienced learners. Web based learning is best suited for such learning exercises. Secondly, there are also learning sessions that happen through instructor-led, live, real-time learning processes (Robert H Jackson, 15 Jul 2006).
There are several theories that attempted to explain and conceptualize the process of human learning. The following theories are based on the psychology's schools of thought, which are Behaviorism, Social, Humanistic and Cognitive. In this paper, I have chosen to research and contrast two learning theories in application to teaching and learning photography.
According to the report psychologists and philosophers have always been fascinated by the process of learning and have developed theories and models of learning. Behaviourist, cognitive and constructivist models of learning have formed the basis of instructional designs, through course of the history of education.
Whereas the social-cognitive theory, explains how people are involved in acquiring behavioral patterns whilst providing the intervention strategies, the theory of reasoned action predicts the determinants in health
Teachers also acquire best practice models to use in class for students to learn more from them. In addition, theories explain the influence of environment on student studies.
Behaviorists argued that the only way for students to learn is through direct
In particular, I ensure that I derive a teaching schedule that can have students enjoying the lesson. It is clear that students may become bored when subjected to continuous learning without taking a break or
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