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The maltreatment may involve physical and emotional abuse, experiencing domestic violence, sexual harassment, or abandonment that exposes children to significant physical or emotional stress. Ideally, the frequency and severity of the maltreatment, age of child, and the relationship between the child and the offender defines the social and academic effect of the maltreatment on the child (Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2014). The maltreatment can cause trauma that jeopardizes brain development and hinders attachment and interpersonal relationships between the caregiver and the child thus affecting the childrens social life (Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2014). Maltreatment leads to learning and cognitive problems that fosters poor academic achievement among the victimized children since it also affects the areas of speech and language (Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2014). Maltreatment also leads to numerous mental health problems like depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and anxiety that have adverse effects on childrens social life. Such children cannot establish and maintain positive relationships with caregivers or other children since they develop behavioral problems. Children that are subject to maltreatment can also inflict pain on others and develop aggressive and violent behaviors that limit their social life (Australian Institute of Family Studies, 2014).
Single parent families also effects childrens social and academic life. Single parent families involve families led solely by either a man or woman. However, most single parent families are single-mother families. Apparently, children in single parent families experience less parental supervision compared to children in two-parent households, which leads to significant social and academic effects (Yarber & Sharp, 2010). Single parents depict less involvement in monitoring their children’s social and school activities. As a result, such
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However, such an examination remains incomplete if the related researches conducted in the twentieth century are not consulted. Oil pollution has taken a grimly form in the last century. Oil pollution sources involve ship operations and bilge cleaning through the international waterways, road and municipal runoffs, petroleum combustion, natural seeps, and spills and accidents.
Myriads of deaths occur as a result of health effects related to pollution. The effects range form mild discomforts to chronic diseases such as cancer. Human health has been endangered to large extents. Thus, the effects of pollution to the world are self-evident.
The degree of effects on advertising in children has been noted to be higher than among adults (Mason, 2012). While advertisers used to indirectly appeal to children through their parents, the current trend has been to target the children aged between 5 and 15 directly in spite of their lack of cognitive or emotional tools to evaluate whatever is being sold to them.
Divorce causes several adjustments to be made, not just for children, but adults too, but mostly the child is the one who is forced to make the adjustment, the parents, in a way, chose it. Married people divorce each other, not their children, although many are able to keep parenting relationship, there is a minority that do not have that advantage.
Almost all of the studies conducted in this regard point to negative effects on the individual, usually manifested in depression, aggression, suicidal tendencies and substance abuse, as these people reach adulthood. Not all of the studies, however, totally dismiss punishment as detrimental to the healthy psychological development of an individual.
The effects of racism here in the United States are apparent, with the atrocity of our recent history of slavery to our more modern experience of the Rodney King beating and the following riots. With the recent election of a black president, it would seem the negative effects of racism have been overcome.
usly serious and somewhat epidemic form of cancer, and in order to come to a clearer and more knowledgeable viewpoint on this subject matter, we must discuss this, as well as the effect that the environment has on leukemia. The aim of this paper is to discuss all of this, as
In this regard, overeating is counterproductive since it can give rise to obesity which is linked to other health risks, both physical and mental. For children, the consequences of obesity as a result of overeating can cause hypertension, heart disease, diabetes and
nding threats to the bodies of water around the globe these past decades due to unprecedented and irrational coastline overdevelopment, global warming, relentless fishing practices, and pollution, particularly caused by oil spills. According to the Glossary of Environment