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Curriculum Development - Assignment Example

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The author examines the main foundations of the curriculum (philosophical foundation, social foundation, psychological foundation, historical foundation, knowledge foundation) and domains of the curriculum content (cognitive domain, psychomotor domain, and affective domain)…
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Download file to see previous pages Philosophical theories in particular help in controlling the organization and content of the curriculum.
Realism, for instance, asserts that the aim of education is primarily to teach values and things which will lead to the good life, which is, however “equated with one which is in tune with the overarching order of natural law” (Marshall, as cited in Golen, 1982). Realistic philosophy thus emphasizes learning through the direct study of nature via the aid of teachers. Thus, it has led to the continuous development of instructional methods that are suited to this kind of learning such as lecture, sensory experiments, and demonstrations, stressing the cultivation of logic and rational thoughts.
Another theory is called pragmatism, which is founded on the principle that change is the principal characteristic of life. It has resulted to a curriculum that is learner-centered, wherein experiences are primordial in the educational process.
Social Foundation. This foundation could be defined as influences that are present in society and culture. It is concerned with the impact of forces and institutions that comprise the school program’s culture. These are elements which create the greatest impact on the curriculum developer’s way of thinking as they always think and act within the society they live. In other words, the content, objectives, and methods of the devised curriculum shall reflect the social or cultural background of the developers (Print, 1993).
Society and culture are the shapers of education since curriculum makers take into account the social setting, culture, the relationship between society and education, and the social implications of knowledge and change (Ritz, 2006). It must be noted that curriculum development is centered on attaining educational goals that are in harmony with broad cultural and societal goals. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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