StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kindergarten - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The essay "Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kindergarten" states that In this article, the authors McGee and Ukrainetz emphasize on the importance of building phonemic awareness in children from a younger age, which according to them, would pave the way. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.5% of users find it useful
Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kindergarten
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kindergarten"

Essay In this article, the McGee and Ukrainetz emphasize on the importance of building phonemic awareness in children from a younger age, which according to them, would pave the way for better reading in their latter years. Previous studies have shown that through proper guidance and instruction, children can be trained to analyze the sounds in words and to segment the words in to phonemes. However despite the inclusion of phonemic awareness programs in the curricula, a majority of teachers have not been able to successfully use the technique. Thus the present article aims to provide a successful method to inculcate this awareness among pre-school and kindergarten children.
A qualitative research approach was used for the program. A phonemic awareness lesson taught by a preschool teacher was taken for analysis which showed that children picked randomly were unable to comprehend or understand phonemics of words. Several factors, such as socio-cultural, non-understanding of the teacher’s instructions, or of the words used or what they are exactly required to do, could be the reason for the silent responses of these children. Hence support systems that could be provided by the teachers were worked upon which lead to devising the scaffolding method of creating phonemic awareness, which is reviewed in this article. Through the process of scaffolding teachers provide a support system, through comments and instructions, to children to complete a given task. It is not a random assignment process as it is tailor-made for each child depending on their inherent ability to perform the task. Keeping in mind the outcomes that could be expected from children who have varying grasping and performing abilities, three levels of scaffolding have been proposed. Beginning with children who have the least ability to grasp what is being told up to children who have a good grasping power, each level in scaffolding provides specific help to the children until the desired result is obtained. The authors have provided a transcript which outlines how the three levels of scaffolding have been used with children in a preschool classroom. However the effect size in this study is too small to ascertain the reach of this process among children.
The three levels of scaffolding explained in the article include: intense, moderate and minimum. In the case of intense scaffolding the beginning phoneme is isolated and the teacher emphasizes on the phoneme while saying the word. In addition the teacher also instructs the children to watch them as they mouth the sound and the child is then asked to say the phoneme along with the teacher and later alone. In the case of moderate scaffolding the teacher uses some or all of the prompts such as laying emphasis on the phoneme, asking the child to watch them but they do not “model the correct response” along with the child, thus leaving the child to respond the teachers instructions on their own. In the case of minimum scaffolding, the teacher merely stresses the first sound while uttering the word and if the child is able to repeat it, they are made to do the rest of the tasks in a similar manner. Thus in this way, based on the ability of each child, the teacher will have to employ the various levels of scaffolding until the minimum level is reached thereafter which the child would be able to cope better with studying further complex phonemes. This scaffolding method was used in kindergarten where children were trained to segment ending phonemes as well as all the phonemes in single-syllable words. The same concept was employed in kindergarten in games such as “fishing for phonemes”. In this the children, using a magnet, were made to pick out pictures of single-syllable words, then identify the word and the teacher later employed the various levels of scaffolding which enabled the children to segment the phonemes in the word.
Quantitative data has suggested that using the scaffolding methodology, nearly 75% preschool children were able to isolate 7 or more out of the 10 beginning sounds in words, while only 5% could not perform a similar or moderate task before leaving kindergarten. The responses from teachers who taught preschool and kindergarten children found the awareness program helpful in improving the reading practices. Moreover, since a majority of the children belonged to lower income groups, such a program functioned as a good aid to help them improve their reading skills. However more data would be required to determine the efficacy of the practice and also to justify the propagation of such as practice.
Reference:
McGee, L. M & Ukrainetz, T.A. (2009). Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kindergarten. The Reading Teacher, 62(7): 599-603. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kinderg Essay, n.d.)
Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kinderg Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1554807-article-review-scaffolding
(Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kinderg Essay)
Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kinderg Essay. https://studentshare.org/education/1554807-article-review-scaffolding.
“Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kinderg Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1554807-article-review-scaffolding.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kindergarten

Scaffolding

...? Scaffolding Scaffolding Scaffolding may be defined as the act of an adult controlling the essentials of a task that are fundamentally beyond a child's ability, hence allowing him to concentrate on and perform only those rudiments that are inside his scope of competence (Wood, Bruner, & Ross, 1976). Scaffolding lets the learner get help only with new skills or those beyond their ability. This paper will explain the scaffolding activities of teaching youth how to play soccer. The tasks set out for the trainees should be at their appropriate level of development. Scaffolding instructions describe specialized training strategies geared toward supporting learning when the trainees are first introduced to a new aspect. Scaffolding gives...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Phonemic awareness and it's relationship to word analysis

Phonemic awareness can be considered as a subset of the phonological awareness in where listeners possess the ability to hear, and identify and the manipulate phonemes, smallest units of sound which may differentiate meaning, is Separating, spoken word " the cat" through into three separate phonemes, /?/, /k/, and /t/, requiring the phonemic awareness. National Reading Panel (NRP) had realized several years ago that the phonemic awareness may and do elates an individual’s word reading and comprehension in reading, in addition to assisting people learn to know how to spell. According to a research conducted by the University of Nairobi Phonemic awareness can safely be considered as the basis for learning the phonics. Phonemic Awar...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Using Graphic Organizers to Teach Reading Comprehension

... highlighting that the use of graphs makes a relationships between different facts and concepts. And this making of relationships conveys a concept and understanding more simple and understandable in comparison with the traditional way of learning. At the same time, the use of graphs serves the required and much needed aspect of learning that is retention. Without retention, the entire process of learning and comprehension would be unable to serve the purpose of teaching and learning. In addition, there is no single type of graphic organizers but more than one type is used to facilitate the entire process of comprehension. Cognitive Mapping Cognitive mapping helps in developing major relationships and ideas by using lines, spatial...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

NPR's Report concerning phonemic awareness

...?NRP’s 12 Key Concepts in Phonemic Awareness and Phonetic Instruction In learning to read, phonics plays an essential role in learning how to particularly connect the sounds of spoken English. Phonics has been a widely used teaching method used to better learn connections between letter patterns and the sounds they represent. In National Reading Panel’s report, twelve key concepts on phonemic awareness and phonics instruction were discussed especially on how it could support a balanced reading program. Five of the twelve key concepts are dedicated for phonemic awareness. Phonemic awareness was defined by McDoniel (2008) as the ability to identify and manipulate individual sounds in words. She also made clear that it is entirely different...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Phonemic Awareness

... Task Introduction Since ancient times, there have been many changes revolving around the education sector. These have been seenin the methodologies utilized in teaching children. Children have been edified on how to recognize unfamiliar words and identifying how sounds correspond to letters. There has been immense concern in edifying children to become knowledgeable and the use of phonemic methods, which help children in their natural environment. Phonemic Awareness has been used to better children reading skills. Phonemic Awareness is the capability of a child to categorize and control sounds in spoken words. Children should understand sounds first before they learn how to write. It is important to know that terms are fabricated...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Scaffolding as teaching technique

...? Summary of Scaffolding Technique Scaffolding is described as the provision of temporary support to learners that is geared towards the completion of a given tasks, seeing that the learner may not complete the task amicably. This learning strategy is significantly related with the socio-cultural theory of Vygotsky and is adopted from construction where a temporary structure, a scaffold, is put up to aid in the building of another (Pol, Volman and Beishuizen, 2010). In other words, scaffolding is a metaphor used to describe the process by which an adult transfer of responsibilities for tasks to learners more often, young students. Vygotsky suggests that learning at the social level precedes learning at an individual level, which highlights...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families

... scaffolding to teach phonemic awareness in preschool and kindergarten. The Reading Teacher, 62(7), 599-603. Meece, J., Eccles, J. (2010). Handbook of Schools, Schooling and Human Development. New York. Routledge Publishers. Neuman, S., Dickinson, D. (2011). Handbook of Early Literacy Research. New York: The Guilford Press. Vellutino, F. R., & Scanlon, D. M. (2001). Emergent literacy skills, early instruction, and Individual differences as determinants of difficulties in learning to read: The case for early intervention. New York: Guilford Press. Vernon, A., and Ferreiro, E., (2000). Writing development: A neglected variable in the Consideration of phonological awareness. Harvard Educational Review, 69, 395–415. ....
8 Pages(2000 words)Dissertation

Journal Article Review - Phonemic Awareness

...Running Head: PHONEMIC AWARENESS A Review on a Research Related to Phonemic Awareness In APA Style Phonemic awareness is related tothe recognition of sounds, a process which is essential in the learning and acquisition of knowledge of every person. One of the issues in the study of phonemic awareness is the phonological processing skills in children with prelingual deafness. In the study conducted by Spencer and Tomblin, the main focus is the children with profound hearing loss using cochlear implants (2008). Based on the results of the study, positive measure of phonological processing (PP) can be achieved for those patients using cochlear implants (CI). Performance of other abilities such as sound-based tasks and other related...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Using Facebook to Teach Rhetorical Analysis

...Using Facebook to Teach Rhetorical Analysis Facebook is the most growing social website of all time and it has left other already established websites far behind (Grossman, 2007). Facebook has been able to do this only after enhancing its visual displays which were more appealing to the viewers than the displays of other social websites. Facebook, only with the help of its visual displays was able to capture a large market in very little time and to keep that going they also keep enhancing their visuals whenever they see a space for upgrading them so that people are less likely to lose interest in Facebook. The upgrading of visual formats keeps the viewers engaged in it all the time. Facebook has mastered the use of the three means...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Self-awareness and Career Management

The practical implications are for more progressive career learning, in conditions that enable the due process to establish viable bases for both choice and change of mind. This thinking more sharply differentiates career education from guidance, setting out a strong rationale for the former. It does not replace DOTS but extends it into a new-DOTS re-conceptualization termed career-learning space. The effectiveness of career learning is determined by its transferable outcomes. New-DOTS thinking resonates with the conditions for transferable learning. There are possibilities here for building a strong consensus between practice, theory, and policy.
It helps us in exploring our strengths and can identify the areas we really wan...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Mrs. Doubtfire: Analysis of the Film Using Bergsons Essay on Laughter

The story of the movie is rather unusual however it has been well accepted by the public in all countries globally; the success of the film can lead to the development of specific assumptions regarding the quality of comedies produced the last years as well as the characteristics of successful comedies (based on the elements of the film that have been considered as the most successful regarding the laughter caused to the audience). 


In order to understand the potential use of the work of Bergson to the explanation of the sense of ‘comic’ as developed through the particular book, it is necessary to refer primarily to the general characteristics of ‘comic’ as described by Bergson. The ab...
10 Pages(2500 words)Movie Review

Phonemic Awareness on Eric Carles Brown Bear

... among first grade ESL students. This hypothesis is equally applicable to both native and non-native ESL subjects. Jannuzi, defiunes phonemic awareness as "a verifiable insight that one's native or non- native language can be broken down into sounds and sound combinations" (Jannuzi, 1998, p.8). Phonics has become a highly controversial topic in both the teaching and learning of written language. In modern ESL classrooms the pivotal role played by phonics in learning to read and in reading instructions has been questioned by many. For instance it has become a subject so widely misinterpreted and misunderstood (Goodman, 1993, p.90). In his book, Phonics Phacts, Ken Goodman has adopted a non-conventional approach to convince his...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Using Self Efficacy to Increase Staff Performance

The methodology section of the paper makes use of the qualitative narrative storytelling approach and two separate interview sessions (one among the managers and the other among the selected employees) are employed as the primary research designs for the purpose of the study. The major themes derived out of the interviews are elaborately discussed and analyzed in Chapter 4. The conclusions of the study show that there exists an interrelated relationship between the self-efficacy of the staff and the leadership approaches of the managers or employers. The better the effectiveness of the leadership, the greater is the productivity of the workforce in an organization. The factors that contribute to the growth and development of the w...
37 Pages(9250 words)Thesis

Nile Floods Public Health Disaster: Managing the Disaster using Katrina Experience

The Katrina hurricane disaster that wrecked New Orleans was a classic example of this. Authors, Frank and Trinidad have observed that disaster preparedness is essential in the current socio-political atmosphere. They say that disasters can lead to illness, injury, the devastation of homes, disruptions of essential services, and the displacement of populations. (Frank and Trinidad, 2007). Every disaster teaches the same lessons. “Advance preparation is essential, communication among responders is critical, rules and procedures are helpful, but autonomy and flexibility within limits are key elements of a productive response” (Frank and Trinidad 2007). 

Originating from the monsoon rains, the annual floods...
16 Pages(4000 words)Term Paper

Evaluation of Performance of a Bank Using Published Accounting Data

...Table of Content Introduction: 2 Background 3 Thesis ment 4 Main Body 4 Conclusion 6 Limitations 7 Recommendations 7 Bibliography 8 Evaluation of Performance of a Bank Using Published Accounting Data Introduction: Banks are the global industrial powerhouses1 and they have introduced very complex and risky products and services. During its operation, every bank is exposed to credit risk, liquidity problems, interest risk, market risk, operational and management risk.2 The collapse of banking industry severely influences the world financial system, which means that it is very important to evaluate the performance of the banks. There are different parameters based on which performance of a bank can be evaluated such as financial management...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Using Computers to Teach Mathematics is Better than Traditional Methods

...Using computers to teach Mathematics is better than traditional methods Computer technology has changed the face of education, and is a useful tool in the teaching of other subjects as well with Mathematics being no exception. Various calculating devices have long been used in Mathematics, but the computer offers an even greater potential. Some teachers are reluctant to use computers, for example on the grounds that it is an expensive option and not every child has access to one at home, but its prevalence nowadays means that students should be given the opportunity to use computers in their Mathematics lessons. They have the advantage of being able to make complex calculations much quicker, demonstrate graphical visualisations, instilling...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Using Law for Social Workers

The involvement of social work in society has always said to be highly contested. During recent years it has been seen that there is an unvarying attack on its ethics and values. Managerial controls have been increased a lot in social work and it has affected a lot at all levels of autonomy among social workers. This has bought some sort of crisis in the social work department. “The relationship between law and social work is complex.” (Brayne & carr 1). There are two facts to criticize this. The first one is these social workers are created by the government and are meant for public service and also to regulate various activities. A second obsession is these social workers are always very caring professionals. The...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Using Lean Production

Wastes in the form of other resources include space required, facilities required, equipment, and tooling and fixtures (Gaither 1999). However, there are some caveats. Lean operations focus first on the final consumer and the value of the product or the services that a company produces for them. Only by knowing what the consumer exactly wants will a company be able to classify wastes and cut down on necessary wastes without compromising the value that is delivered in the form of the product and services (Schonberger & Knod 2000).
Portakabins' use of lean production has its impacts ranging from the financial aspects to the non-financial aspects of the business. From the financial perspective, cutting down the wastes in the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Using Information Technology

Even though several individuals criticize these sites, but there are millions who think that these sites have a positive influence on society (Are social networking sites good for our society? 2010). Among those who approve of these sites are the pregnant teen girls of the community who suggested a blog or a social networking tool that would be useful in communicating pregnancy-related information and providing support for group members.

This suggestion of becoming a part of a social networking site or blogging can prove extremely useful as it might not only be helpful for the group of pregnant teens being dealt at the moment but might also be a great help for girls worldwide undergoing similar dilemmas. This is because...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

A Developmentally-Appropriate and Integrated Preschool Curriculum on Animals

Its emphasis is not solely on academic activities, which would consequently overlook other areas of development that are likewise significant. Moreover, a child-centered program becomes meaningful when it draws from the children’s needs and learning styles, life experiences, interests, and ideas (Brewer, 2001). An integrated curriculum consists of a number of strategies that can be applied to deepen meaningfulness and support conceptual development (Bredekamp and Rosegrant, 1992). An integrated curriculum allows the young child to perceive the world around him more clearly. Furthermore, it provides opportunities for in-depth exploration of a topic and learning that has thorough coverage. It provides more choices on how to pr...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Using Scaffolding to Teach Phonemic Awareness in Preschool and Kindergarten for FREE!

Contact Us