Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families - Dissertation Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Low Phonemic Awareness Skills among Disadvantage Families Name: Course: Tutor: College: Date: Low Phonemic Awareness Skills among Disadvantage Families Introduction Phonemic awareness is a core part of language skills that determines the fluency of communication among learners of language…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.5% of users find it useful
Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families"

Download file to see previous pages Empirical research into language use shows that there exists a wide gap between language use among children from well up families and those from economically disadvantaged families. Most children from disadvantaged families have low phonemic skill awareness compared to those from well up families. The purpose of this research is to identify ways in which the problem of phonemic awareness among children from poor background. The research will use a sample of 50 students from whom phonemic awareness skills will be evaluated. To provide credible conclusions and recommendations, this research will take a quantitative approach. Previous Research Phonemic awareness is a topic that has garnered a lot of attention among researchers in the recent past, owing to the persistent language problem that has indicated phonemic awareness weakness among many students in institutions. Dickinson and McCabe (2004) researched on the existence of phonological problems among children with a bilingual orientation. The deduction of this statistical survey is that there indeed exist numerous factors that contribute to weakness in language among these students. Among these factors, Dickinson and McCabe (2004) identified that the standards of living played a key role in determining the success of language learning among children. Although this research was not directly designed on measurement of poverty levels, it was possible to outline the link between educated parents and a better economic social status (Koutsoftas, Harmon & Gray, 2009). The major conclusion of this research was that children who were fostered by learned parents had a better phonemic expression. Nichols et al (2004) found that Latino children and children from low socioeconomic backgrounds are more likely to fail to develop phonemic awareness and concepts in print owing to the fact that they lack preschool experience, causing them to lag behind when compared to children from different ethnicities and better socioeconomic backgrounds. Latino children are at risk because English is not their first language meaning that they will categorize phonemes in their primary language as that is how their linguistic minds are programmed. Children from these categories are seen to either lack the prior knowledge or misunderstand the instructional discourse, along with the language of the text and teacher, resulting in delayed acquisition of crucial concepts that are in print (McGee & Ukrainetz, 2009). Notably also, findings from this study indicated that gender was not linked to development of phonemic awareness. These students require instructional intervention that looks into their needs and in a broader perspective. McDowell et al (2007) found that children, who undergo early reading challenges, receive less practice than other children, miss opportunities to develop reading comprehension strategies and are likely to have a negative attitude towards reading. Callaghan and Madeleine (2012) attributed the difference in phonemic awareness between children from low socio-economic backgrounds and their peers from high or middle socio-economic backgrounds to varying levels of emergent literacy. This variability is in turn explained by previous home environments, level of oral language and provision of good early intervention programs. In contrast, Neuman and Dickinson (2011) suggest that genetic predispositions ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families Dissertation”, n.d.)
Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families Dissertation. Retrieved from
(Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families Dissertation)
Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families Dissertation.
“Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families Dissertation”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families

NPR's Report concerning phonemic awareness

NRP’s 12 Key Concepts in Phonemic Awareness and Phonetic Instruction In learning to read, phonics plays an essential role in learning how to particularly connect the sounds of spoken English. Phonics has been a widely used teaching method used to better learn connections between letter patterns and the sounds they represent. In National Reading Panel’s report, twelve key concepts on phonemic awareness and phonics instruction were discussed especially on how it could support a balanced reading program. Five of the twelve key concepts are dedicated for phonemic awareness. Phonemic awareness was defined by McDoniel (2008) as the ability to identify and manipulate individual sounds in words. She also made clear that it is entirely dif...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Phonemic Awareness

... Task Introduction Since ancient times, there have been many changes revolving around the education sector. These have been seenin the methodologies utilized in teaching children. Children have been edified on how to recognize unfamiliar words and identifying how sounds correspond to letters. There has been immense concern in edifying children to become knowledgeable and the use of phonemic methods, which help children in their natural environment. Phonemic Awareness has been used to better children reading skills. Phonemic Awareness is the capability of a child to categorize and control sounds in spoken words. Children should understand sounds first before they learn how to write. It is important to know that terms are fabricated...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Journal Article Review - Phonemic Awareness

...Running Head: PHONEMIC AWARENESS A Review on a Research Related to Phonemic Awareness In APA Style Phonemic awareness is related tothe recognition of sounds, a process which is essential in the learning and acquisition of knowledge of every person. One of the issues in the study of phonemic awareness is the phonological processing skills in children with prelingual deafness. In the study conducted by Spencer and Tomblin, the main focus is the children with profound hearing loss using cochlear implants (2008). Based on the results of the study, positive measure of phonological processing (PP) can be achieved for those patients using cochlear implants (CI). Performance of other abilities such as sound-based tasks and other related...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Effects of phonemic awareness instruction on the encoding skills of children with severe speech impairment

...Effects of Phonemic Awareness Instruction on the Encoding Skills of Children with Severe Speech Impairment Introduction Blischak, Shah, Lombardino, and Chiarella’s study is aimed at establishing the effects of phonemic awareness instruction and phoneme-grapheme correspondence on the ability to encode information for persons with Severe Speech Impairment (SSI). Although the researchers have not specifically formulated an hypothesis, from the objective of the study, it may be inferred that the hypotheses of the study are as follows: H0: Phonemic awareness instruction and phoneme-grapheme correspondence has a significant effect on the ability to encode information for persons with Severe Speech Impairment (SSI). H1: Phonemic awareness...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Enhancement of Skills and Training in Human Capital

Training and development include skills which are job-related and also that are not related. This helps in motivating and enhancing self-esteem as the employees feel the organization cares for them. Motivation is essential for retention and succession planning in today’s scenario. This paper will discuss the relevance of training needs and its implications on the stakeholders, managers and individuals.

Training is regarded as fundamental in transforming the workforce and brings about quality improvement across organizations. To effectively exploit intellectual assets, the focus on human development has been renewed (Donovan, Hannigan & Crowe, 2001). The pace of change requires continuous up-gradation of skills...
12 Pages(3000 words)Report

Why Is Breast-Feeding Low among Young Mothers below the Age of 20 Years Old in the U.K

The benefits that are derived by breastfed babies include less morbidity from gastrointestinal infections and reduction in respiratory tract infections and atopic dermatitis. Besides being an economical means of providing adequate nutrition for the baby the mother derives the benefit of reduced risk for breast cancer, particularly so, when the breastfeeding is extended for a longer period of time. (1). 

In spite of this worldwide recommendation for breastfeeding babies, there is a wide disparity in the breastfeeding of babies in the developing world and in the developed world. In the developing countries, the knowledge of the benefits of breastfeeding and the skills for breastfeeding has been retained in the societ...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

Self-awareness and Career Management

The practical implications are for more progressive career learning, in conditions that enable the due process to establish viable bases for both choice and change of mind. This thinking more sharply differentiates career education from guidance, setting out a strong rationale for the former. It does not replace DOTS but extends it into a new-DOTS re-conceptualization termed career-learning space. The effectiveness of career learning is determined by its transferable outcomes. New-DOTS thinking resonates with the conditions for transferable learning. There are possibilities here for building a strong consensus between practice, theory, and policy.
It helps us in exploring our strengths and can identify the areas we really wan...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Violence, Masculinity and the Disadvantaged

The idea that masculinity is synonymous with power transcends the times.5 At least from a purely feminist perspective power over women and children has always been essential for maintaining the gender gap in which men are superior to women.6 Anthony Whitehead writes that:
This concept of masculinity goes back to Victorian times and rapidly developed into an ideology that recognized “unity and power of men over women” as the hierarchal structure within “patriarchal social relations.”8
Masculinity and manhood encapsulate an ideology that goes beyond other characteristics of identity such as race, class, and sexuality.9 Heroism, for instance, is aligned to masculinity. The hero has been portrayed thr...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Phonemic Awareness on Eric Carles Brown Bear

... a holistic approach to ESL teaching and learning for what is initiated in the ESL class room for first grade kids could have a veritable conceptual development through the whole process (Richards and Rodgers, 2001, p.108). Linguistic theory and praxis are two different extremes though. In a study that investigated the effects of disparate L1 (first language) alphabetic experience on L2 (second language) phonemic awareness and decoding among ESL readers with alphabetic and non-alphabetic L1 orthographic backgrounds, the author hypothesized that the amount of L1 alphabetic experience is causally related to the development of L2 phonemic awareness and decoding skills (Koda, 1998, pp.194-215). ESL first graders have a natural...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Teaching Language and Communication Skills

“Language occurs through an interaction among genes (which hold innate tendencies to communicate and be sociable), environment, and the child’s own thinking abilities” (Genishi, 2006). But just how does this happen? How do children learn to use sounds to communicate and then to place those sounds in the correct order to make themselves understood? While some of this behavior can be attributed to the imitation of the caregivers, there remain aspects to the development of language and communication that cannot be so easily explained. To provide a more complete understanding of how language and communication develop in the young child, it is necessary to understand not only the primary terms that are applied, but al...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Causes of Illegal Drugs Consumption Among Women

... addiction. “The data shows”, Mubeen & Sharif submit, “that most of the drug users had problems in their marriages and some of them had no chance of getting married.” (2007: p 4) The researchers developed the questionnaire as the tool for data collection, which consisted of both open-ended and close-ended questions. The researchers personally visited every respondent for data collection. Their research proved that negligence of parents, family members and elders encouraged the women to take illegal drugs and get adducted consequently. The research also declared emotional collapse as well as financial and domestic problems as one of the most imperative causes of drug addiction among women. There are many weaknesses too in this research...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Health Needs Assessment among Internally Displaced People in Southern Darfur State

In the recent past, Sudan has gone through a very serious humanitarian crisis, rated by as among the worst in the world. This crisis has led to thousands of Sudanese being displaced from their homes. The crisis was a series of civil wars that have characterized the Southern Sudan regions, and quite recently the Darfur region. The conflict in the Darfur region is among the most recent crises in Sudan and has as a result drawn global attention. According to the UN, the Darfur conflict emerged as the worst crisis in the year 2003 as far as humanitarian aspects are concerned (UNEP/OCHA, 2004 pp 6).

So far, the Darfur crisis has led to the internal displacement of more than two million citizens. In the year 2008, the UN esti...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Malnutrition: A Long Standing Problem among Children

Poverty majorly affects young children and it makes infants very prone to being malnourished. In Africa the situation is probably the worst when compared with any other continent, poverty has completely overshadowed the development of the people there and several young children die because of malnourishment. People who cannot afford even one square meal a day are the ones who are predominantly affected by malnourishment.

 Nutrition is pivotal for growth and progression of normal life and also a disease-free life. It is imperative for everybody and much more important in the case of children and infants because they are in their maximum growth stage. Malnutrition at this stage can have serious repercussions for the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Preventing Drug Abuse among Youths in West Palm Beach, Florida

The statistics also indicate that the total number of deaths was 12,941 with the white population encompassing 11,595 and the black 1 162. These statistics show that the rate of birth is higher than the rate of deaths i.e. 10.4% to 9.7%.
The county government enhances the health of the residents, including the youth through collaborating with the health care providers and other organizations involved in catering for the welfare of the community. According to (2012), some of the health care services provided by hospitals to the county residents include Acute Care, Proprietary, emergency service, and veterans administration. The social welfare is enhanced by non-governmental organizations, especially those involved...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Families in Poverty in the United States and Its Effect on Children

Poverty can be classified into being a two-dimensional problem, with one of the dimensions being economy and the other being ethics. The economical dimension deals with the concepts of poverty rather than the quantity whereas the ethical dimension deals with the ethical values of poverty (Dieterlen, 2005). History tells us that America was always reckoned as the Land of Opportunity and a place where everyone wanted to come to for a better standard of living. This country was not spared from the issue of poverty too. In the 1920s farmers and daily wage workers were hit with depression and poverty prevailed. Workers and farmers had shortcomings in supporting and feeding their families. Further problems arose when the Great Depressio...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Dissertation on topic Low Phonemic Awareness Skills Among Disadvantaged Families for FREE!

Contact Us