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Early Modern Architecture - Essay Example

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ARCHITECTURE Institution Date Early Modern architecture is said to have practically started around the turn of the twentieth century. Its major goal was to come up with a design that reconciled the principles underlying architectural design with the advancement of technology and the modernization of society…
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Early Modern Architecture Essay
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"Early Modern Architecture"

Download file to see previous pages Born in Aachen, Germany in the year 1886, on the month of March 27, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, trained with his father who was a master stonemason until the age of 19 when he decide to relocate and go to Berlin and was lucky to work with Bruno Paul. Bruno Paul was a furniture designer and the art nouveau architect. It didn’t take Ludwieg long before he received his first assignment which was to plan a house for a philosopher by the name Alois Riehl. In the year 1908 Ludwig switched bosses and started working for the architect Peter Behrens. Due to the love and passion Ludwig had for architecture, he studied the architecture of the Prussian Karl Friedrich Schinkel and Frank Lloyd Wright. It wasn’t until the year 1912 that he opened his own office in Berlin and a year later, 1913 he got married. At the opening of his practice in 1912 he adopted his mother’s maiden name, van der rohe. While he was working under Behren, Mies developed a design approach that was basically based on advanced structural techniques and Prussian classicism. While still conducting his discovery on architecture he developed sympathy for the aesthetic credos of both Dutch De Stijl group and Russian Constructivism. He also borrowed from the post and lintel construction of Karl Friedrich Schinkel for his designs in steel and glass. ...
Mies is famously known for his dictum ‘Less is More’ and he attempted to create neutral, contemplative spaces through an architecture that was based on structural integrity and material honesty. After ages spanning twenty years of his life, Mies was able to eventually achieve his vision of a monumental ‘skin and bone’ architecture. Through his dedication, commitment, passion and hard work his later woks provide a fitting denouement to a life dedicated to the idea of a universal, simplified architecture. After World War 1, he developed interest in the skyscraper which eventually led to him studying it and he designed two innovative and ingenious steel framed towers encased in glass. One of the critically acclaimed skyscrapers was the friedrichstrasse which was designed in 1921 for a competition albeit it was never built but it drew a lot of critical praise and it even foreshadowed his skyscraper designs of the late 40s and 50s. The very same year he designed the friedrichstrasse so did his marriage end and he changed his name. Six years after the fall of his marriage, 1927, Mies designed one of the most famous buildings, the German pavilion at the international exposition in Barcelona. In 1929, this small hall which was popularly referred to as the Barcelona pavilion, was designed with a flat roof which was supported by columns and the pavilions internal walls were made of glass and marble and had the ability to be moved around based on the fact that they did not in any way support the structure. The concept he used was of fluid space with a seamless flow between indoors and outdoors. This concept was further explored in others of his ingenious projects which he designed for decades to come. He later ventured into partnership ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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