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Italian renaissance architect: Andrea palladio - Essay Example

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The basic axiom of Renaissance architects is the concept of architecture as a science, and each part of a building both internal and external integrating into the same system of mathematical ratios. …
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Italian renaissance architect: Andrea palladio
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Download file to see previous pages Figure 1. Villa Barbaro at Maser3 Figures 1 and 2 represent the Villa Barbaro and its ground plan respectively. The villa was completed around 1560, in the Veneto region of northern Italy. Figure 2. Plan of the Villa Barbaro4 This villa depicts a more developed stage of Palladio’s ideas for creating an elegant country residence. He introduced into the design the main features of a typical farmyard of the region, the dovecot placed in elegant pavilions at the two ends of the construction, and the barchessa in the form of serene arcades flanking the block. However, the “dwelling block is distinguished by a splendid stuccoed Roman temple-front”5 that does not reflect any of the characteristics of the farmyard. The Villa Rotonda (Fig.3) below displays the juxtaposition of geometric elements in the form of classical motifs, in compliance with well-defined rules of symmetry. According to Ackerman, the site at the top of a hill suggested the design consisting of a highly unorthodox construction of temple-fronts projecting from a cube, crowned by a fully visible hemispherical dome. Paradoxically, nature is reflected in a refined form “combining the Renaissance absorption with the classical past and the millennial Christian-sacral associations of the cupola”6. Figure 3. The Villa Rotonda7 Fig.4. depicts Andrea Palladio’s plan of the Villa Rotonda. Geometric relationships between the three dimensions of 30, 26 and 15 are evident within the five primary rooms of the Villa Rotonda, as specified in the architect’s fourth book (Wassell: 125). Figure 4. Plan of the Villa Rotonda8 Palladio’s greatest contribution to the Villa as a residential building was that he replaced the earlier use of refurbished castles or haphazard collection of buildings unsuitable to...
This paper has highlighted the work of Italian architect of the Renaissance, Andrea Palladio, in the creation of villas during the sixteenth century. Palladio was one of the most influential architects of the Renaissance, on the basis of his deep knowledge of design and proportion, and the extensive variety of his numerous works. It is evident that his work was brilliant; the foundations of which were classical architecture, mathematics and music. It is entirely justified that he has been the most imitated architect over the centuries, and Palladian designs continue to hold their own even in the contemporary world of architecture. Further, the architect’s use of mathematical ratios in his plans made the proportions of his buildings distinctive, combining the various components of the construction into a unified and harmonious composition. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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