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Architecture of the US Capitol and Villa Barbaro - Essay Example

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This essay "Architecture of the US Capitol and Villa Barbaro" contrasts the buildings of United States Capitol and Italy’s UNESCO heritage building, Villa Barbaro. The intricacies of construction and history are detailed for both the famous buildings and their features are compared and contrasted…
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Architecture of the US Capitol and Villa Barbaro
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Download file to see previous pages The following paragraphs will highlight their unique architectural features and will contrast them.
The United States Capitol is an impressive building that is famous as the meeting place of the legislature of the US federal government - the United States Congress. It is located in Washington D.C., on the top of Capitol Hill on the east of the National Mall.
The design of the President’s house and the Capitol was first proposed by Thomas Jefferson in spring 1792, which was set for a 4-month deadline and amateur architect William Thornton submitted a late entry on January 31, 1793. 1 Thornton’s design was inspired by Paris Pantheon and the east front of “Louvre”, for creating the center portion of the building and it was officially approved by Washington (in a letter dated April 5, 1793). The initial design of Thornton was changed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe and later by Charles Bulfinch. The dome found currently, and the House and Senate wings are designed by Thomas U. Walter and August Schoenborn, who was a German immigrant and the building was finished under the guidance of Edward Clark 2.
A breakthrough ceremony was organized at Capitol on September 18, 1793, when dressed in Masonic attire Washington laid the cornerstone3. In 1800, the Senate wing of the building was completed and the House wing was finished in 1811. In 1807, the House of Representatives was shifted to the House wing. Earlier the Capitol was the place where government functions were organized and church services were held on Sundays regularly. This practice continued post Civil War4.
Later, the building was partially burned during the War of 1812 by the British (on August 24, 1814,) and reconstruction started in 1815 which was completed by 1819. The construction process continued till 1826, as a central Rotunda was added to the structure and the first dome was also created.
As the Capitol could not accommodate the legislators from the new states, in 1850. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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