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This paper focuses of stereotypes and stereotyping as a major form of “othering.”
Othering is not a new phenomenon as this has existed throughout history. Various groups including African Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans, Latinos, and white ethnic Americans have experienced stereotypical representation at different time periods. These periods in history include U.S. colonization and slavery, WWII and the Cold War. The stereotyping of Indian Americans for instance has a long history, and these stereotypes are mostly grave misconceptions of the American Indians (Churchill, 1992).
Stereotyping has been defined in various ways. In this paper, stereotypes are considered as beliefs about characteristics, attributes, and behaviours of members of a certain group. Although not all the stereotypes are negative in nature, these are more likely to have negative connotations to the out-group members than the in-group members. There are two major sources of stereotypes. First is the mental representation of real differences between groups. In this case, stereotypes may be the real representations of reality and operate like object schemas, which allow easier processing of information about other people. Second, stereotypes may be formed about various groups independent of the real group differences.
There are different forms of stereotyping. These include stereotyping on the basis of gender, class and race. These stereotypes are mainly culturally and socially constructed. First, the aspects of race, class, and gender together construct stereotypes. Each aspect gains meaning in relationship to the others. For instance, Latinos are stereotyped as “macho.” On the other hand, white women are sexually stereotyped as “madonnas.” Women in the upper class are also stereotyped as frigid and cold. Class and gender intermingle with race and gender in these stereotypes.
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An example of a race could be that of White people who share a common skin color but this race is restricted to people in a certain locality as well. Ethnicity is a group of people who are defined in accordance to the language, religion, location, color, beliefs, homeland and cultural origin and background.
This stereotyping is the result of a lot of movies where Middle Eastern people are often portrayed as terrorists, bombers and violent people. They are often portrayed in American films as people who sow terror especially if their political views are not in consonance with those of Americans.
The author of the paper aims to analyze the role of social stereotypes in today's world. Besides, it is highlighted that stereotypes tend to be rooted in the sociological and psychological interaction that are immunized from confrontation with facts, they also tend to become self-fulfilling because they are trained into people from very early ages.
Here is one example perhaps some people might have heard and is considered a form of stereotype: “Afro-Americans are good singers.” This is clearly a form of stereotype for some important reasons. However, there are also some substantial bases to support this claim.
The paper illustrated about how different social psychological concepts can be applied to this particular case of Wal-Mart. A Thought Paper about One of these Topics: Stereotype, Discrimination, or Prejudice It is often argued that behavioral attitudes of people are largely influenced by their culture or ethnic background.
This means that the media may mislead as well as advice its audience. The media may at times provide the audience with false information in the gender field. This field is prone to misrepresentation in the media because of the stereotypes in the society (Kosut 15).
Given these observations, we would expect to find evidence of moderate emotional behavior or even emotional suppression on the part of the Chinese. In a study of psychiatric disorders,Kleinman (1986, 110) concluded that Chinese culture was indeed characterized by emotional restraint.
Stereotypes may either be positive or negative or both. But any which way, Katz and Braly (1933) have been more concerned that our perception of groups or group differences may be seriously defective (as cited in McCauley,
For example, the work of women was largely seen to be reproductive in nature while those of a man was always seen to be productive in nature. When shift changed to the point where the man can then get preoccupied with the house duties such as taking care of the baby and
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