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This paper will provide more insight into this analogy through discussing four historical religious architectures: the Altar of Zeus, Egyptian pyramids, Suleymaniye Mosque and St. Peter’s Basilica. The Altar of Zeus was for ancient Greeks, Egyptian pyramids were created by ancient Egyptians, Suleymaniye Mosque was for Muslims and the Basilica was designed by Romans.
The Altar of Zeus provides a good Hellenistic Greek sculpture example, which was built between 166 and 156 BCE. The altar is crafted with art and sculpture, which depicts narrations. The Gigantochamy frieze, which adorns the base of the altar, has at least 100 distinct panels that show combats between gods and giants. Here, one connects with the Greek legend where Zaas decided to abandon Gaia’s after the new gods (led by Zeus and in support by Zaas) defeated the old gods (led by Cronus). The East Frieze sculpture, on the other hand, constitutes significant Olympic gods such as Hecate, Artemis, Zeus, Athena and Ares. In the same way, the north, south and west frieze sculptures continue with sculptural and relief narrations of various Greek gods.1 The altar, also known as the Altar of Pergamon, stands at 115 feet in width and 110 feet in depth. The altar was accessible through a stairway, from the west, which led up to a roofed hall extending to the front and sides of the altar. This alter is very important to the people, who regard it highly and its highly respected. It has been in existence for quite a long time and many people have high regard for the alter. Due to this fact, the alter of Pergamon is well preserved or taken care of.
Ancient Egyptian pyramids held similar themes in architectural designs. The pyramids were erected on the west bank of the Nile. This was in accordance with Egypt’s religious doctrine which stated that the dead should rest where the sun sets.2 In addition, most pyramids were covered with limestone, which was meant to give them a shiny
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Just as religious beliefs have continued to be adopted and practiced throughout the ages, so have architectural designs for the various religious groupings. Hence, religious beliefs and religious architecture are at par, where the said architecture is designed to accommodate beliefs and practices of religious groups.
The discourse community of a jail is made up of several groups: the inmates, those who work within the facility as correctional officers and those, such as myself, who visit the inmates. A jail is one of the most interesting spaces to study discourse as it brings together diverse individuals who have little in common other than being convicted of a crime or knowing someone who has been convicted.
However, the major population of Shiites can be found in countries like Iraq, Iran, Bahrain etc..
Although both the sects follow the principals of Islam, their differences have resulted in religious intolerance in certain
cultural preferences, this makes it hard to understand how inherently religion has evolved or changed into something different and weird in other people’s religion. It is from this perspective that it is important to study all world religion and tries to understand what they
From their beliefs about the cosmos and human nature, people derive morality, ethics, religious laws or a preferred lifestyle. This therefore means that people’s worldview is greatly influenced and shaped by their religious beliefs. This
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