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Based on the issues recognised thereof, recommendations have been provided in the paper so that the industry can adjust with the changes and increase their revenue.
In recent years, tourism was witnessed to experience tremendous growth. The growth is so large that the industry is expected to assume position of the fastest growing as well as largest industry worldwide by all measures. Tourism sector experienced strong domestic as well as international growth primarily because it delivers a myriad of several advantages to travellers, tourists and their hosts (Bosselman, Peterson and McCarthy, 1999). Another reason that was determined to be strongly responsible for growth of tourism across the globe is its inherent quality of transecting numerous sectors, interests and business levels within one activity in a comprehensive manner. The economic sectors that enjoy benefits of tourism are hotel industry, transport department, tourist board and operators and government organisations (Cater, 1995). Tourism has gained increasing attention from private and public bodies chiefly because of its contribution as a source of attracting foreign exchange, employment generation, increasing tax revenue and profit generation (Mathieson and Wall, 1982).
Despite the economic benefits, tourism is not free from criticisms. Tourism has been blamed by several organisations for environment pollution, excessive resource consumption and adverse impact on a nation’s cultural and social environment (Bosselman, Peterson and McCarthy, 1999). The paper, however, is more focussed on impact of macro and micro environmental factors on growth of tourism. The growth pace of tourism is slowing down because of a number of issues. The face of tourism is also changing as numerous relevant trends are evolving consistently (Cooper, et al., 2008). As tourism has been referred as a commercialised form of hospitality by Cohen (1984), hotel industry is an important dimension of the
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Community based tourism is the involvement of the of the host community in the management, planning, construction, and maintenance of all aspects of development in the tourism industry (Busch and Trexler 2002). This means that the host community is involved in the ownership and control over tourism planning and certainly the outcomes.
In the past days people went for here and there in searching for food, water and acquirement of resources. But after that the ideas of pleasure and relaxation are associated to the motivation of travelling. In the recent days people choose to travel for gaining knowledge (Tourism, n.d.).
It is growing rapidly and most of the national and regional governments encourage the growth of tourism in their countries so as to support the economic growth of their region. In context of the poorer countries, tourism is seen as a means of promoting rapid development.
A series of measures has been developed by firms operating in the particular industry aiming to control the effects of crisis on their operations; these activities have been also proved valuable for the achievement of other benefits, the most common of which is the promotion of sustainability.
The involved parties are also required to have adequate knowledge of all that tourism is about together with management skills to manage all its peculiarities. With adequate capital and skills to market and manage tourism a country or region can easily achieve tourism boom.
A. What is travel and tourism? As per the World Tourism Organisation (WTO), which is an affiliated body of UN, tourism is defined as “activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes” (World Tourism Organisation, 1995, 1).
There are two broad types of definition associated with the term tourism. Two broad types of definition associated with the term tourism, one is technical concept and other one is the conceptual definition. Conceptual definition demonstrates what tourism is, with the help of theoretical approach.
These include intense competition, capacity building, quality of services, marketing operations, globalisation and cultural issues, financial management, and consumer behaviour. While on the one hand tour operators will continue to focus on different strategies and approaches to successfully expand tour business activities, on the other, there is a need to look at ways and means to minimise the adverse impacts that increasing tourist inflows impose on the city of Mecca.
Events and recreation provide benefits, not only to the businesses but also to tourism and the community at large. Tourism resulting from these events has resulted to analysis on the advantages and disadvantages of the activity, of which the
The tourism industry offers jobs to a large number of people and it also invites rigor within international exchange. Furthermore, it encourages people to conserve and preserve the natural and cultural heritage of a particular area.
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