This essay "The Impact of Tourism on Indigenous Communities" focuses on the fact that according to the World Tourism Organization (WTO), 2005, 698 million people travelled to a foreign country in 2000, spending more US$ 478 billion. International tourism receipts combined with passenger transport currently total more than US$ 575 billion - making tourism the world's number one export earner. …
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However in the mass tourism trade, large hotels are built, theme parks are developed, etc, all of which can impact the people who usually live in the areas, this can increase or decrease employment, and they can affect the development of the land. For example, as according to the Austrian Preparatory Conference for the International Year of Ecotourism (APCIYE), 2001, the development of national parks, such as the Lake Rara National Park in Nepal. This resulted in the replacement of four hundred villagers, the Chhetri people, from their native land. This movement was fueled by tourism and the people who are the land’s natural inhabitants did not have right to say no. However, in Ecuador, the Tambopata reserve integrates the people who inhabit the forests and the forest area itself for outsiders to observe. The main problems of this type of commercial tourism, by creating the national park, this creates new incentives for individuals to move into the areas, cut down more of the land, or claim status to live. Furthermore, creating a park creates a dilemma of what should and should not be included as concluded by APCIYE, 2001.
The impact of tourism on indigenous communities can often be destructive because tribal and minority groups in developing countries are often targeted as objects to be looked at instead of people (Neale 1999). For example, according to WTO, 2005, for the people in Masai in Kenya, who live near safari parks, the natives themselves have not benefited from the tourists themselves. The Masai were presented as part of the “safari’ package and tourists were invited to observe their lifestyle, which many anthropologists refer to as “staged authenticity,” where people expect to see the exotic, remote, and new, given they have travelled a long distance (Forsyth 2002). Though it doesn’t necessarily mean that the people visiting are causing harm to the natives, however, it can increase the barriers between the minority and majority groups who live in the country as a whole.
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(The Impact of Tourism on Indigenous Communities Essay)
“The Impact of Tourism on Indigenous Communities Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/tourism/1545734-with-reference-to-one-case-study-critically-evaluate-the-impact-of-tourism-on-indigenous-communities-and-visiting-tourists.
............................................................................................................. 3 1.1 Aims of the Study ...................................................................................... 4 1.2 Research Objectives .........
This research will cover the background of volunteer tourism ,the various types of volunteer tourism in existence, the various methods and ways that have been used to carry out this practice as well as its impact on the host communities; both positive and negative impacts.
For a volunteer, the motivation and rewards are intrinsic. Therefore, volunteer tourists are individuals who, in an organised and planned manner, choose to tour countries, regions and communities, which require services of these volunteers. Since the 1980s, there has been a rapid increase in volunteer tourism and it has gone on to take several forms such as cultural tourism, alternative tourism, eco-tourism, charity tourism, moral tourism, responsible tourism, social tourism, serious leisure and others.
Some tourist bike or hike to their destination and follow the maxim, 'take only memories and leave only footprints'. Others drive mobile home, take home bulging suitcases and leave trails of waste, as with other forms of globalization and trade, tourism carries the risk of homogenization and exploitation." (Anderson, 220) Globalization is the process of fastening, widening, strengthening and developing relations across the globe.
Uriely has defined this volunteer tourism as a “real, ecological and responsible form of tourism”. This activity is not merely carried out on individual risk but well substantiated by different organizations like NGO, charity oriented agencies, educational institutions and some religious groups.
The concept of volunteer tourism has developed to counter the adverse impacts of mass tourism. The objective of volunteer tourism varies widely in its scope. The activities of volunteer tourism may range from clearing up areas of wildlife for their conservation to providing medical aid to foreign lands.
Butler and Hinch (2007) define indigenous tourism as "a form of tourism that is directed by indigenous peoples or where indigenous culture is the tourist attraction". The wide and diverse cultural heritage often tends to play a key role in promoting national tourism.
tion and the increasing connectedness (facilitated by the Internet, e-commerce, instantaneous communication, etc.) that characterizes so much of human interaction in the 21st century. The impression of remoteness reminded me of a scene from the movie Gallipoli, in which Frank
Age discrimination in the modern workplace is a common practice in the work environment. In fact, there are various individual cases that could support this view point. In the first place, many firms are trying to hire human resources that they think are truly equipped or