Tourism is unarguably one of the most dynamic and developing sectors earning a myriad of countries across the globe millions of dollars in different forms. A number of countries have benefited from infrastructural development, currency inflows, educational and management skills…
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(Smith, 2006) Currently, it is approximated that tourism contributes to 10% of global income with at least 10% of the world workforce earning their daily bread from the sector. Viewed as ‘manna from heaven’ most analysts perceive tourisms as a way of balancing foreign trade and as a source of foreign exchange with minimal discussion on the negative challenges it’s associated with. The discussion in this paper will mainly focus on the negative challenges of tourism with deep analysis on language, religion, customs and tradition, drawing examples from various countries known as tourist destinations across the globe. P.62
One of the strongest signs of negative impacts to tourism is on language spoken by the residents. Most communities staying in areas frequently visited by tourists have lost their original language and have instead adopted languages spoken by most tourists, mainly English. For example, the official language of city of Mumbai is Marathi. Current statistics indicate that only 42% of the populace can fluently speak the language. Apart from Hindi, which is also an official language in Mumbai, English is currently regarded as the most prevalent. As business tourism is on the upsurge, English is widely spoken in various professional workforce and commercial communication. (Desai, 2004 p.41) As business tourist increase in number, Bombay Hindi, a pidgin comprising of English, Hindi and Marathi was developed to ease communication. Changes in language have also been associated with the behavior and attitudes amongst the locals.
Tourism also results in imposing of the tourist’s language amongst the locals. Malindi, which is one of the coastal towns in Kenya, known for some of the best beaches in world and often visited by tourists is another example of an area where tourism led to degradation of local language. Originally, residents used to speak Kiswahili before being invaded by
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(“Negative impacts of tourism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words”, n.d.)
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(Negative Impacts of Tourism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
“Negative Impacts of Tourism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/tourism/1667457-negative-impacts-of-tourism.
It has well-preserved cities, culture, landscapes, food, and diversity of peoples and languages. The management in the tourism and travel industry has put sound measures in place to ensure full enjoyment of tourists, both local and international. These are geared towards making the United Kingdom a very competitive tourists’ destination in the world (Hamblin, 2001:7).
It is growing rapidly and most of the national and regional governments encourage the growth of tourism in their countries so as to support the economic growth of their region. In context of the poorer countries, tourism is seen as a means of promoting rapid development.
During winter, people from countries in the in the polar region usually visit the tropics to enjoy the warm sunny conditions prevailing in these regions. However, extensive researches in various countries which are tourist destinations reveal that tourism has had both negative and positive effects on the environment and the communities.
The integrated efforts of politicians, planners and developers, as well as citizens are required for creating a responsible and therefore acceptable tourism industry. It should “bring long-term benefits to residents and tourists alike without compromising the physical and cultural environment of the destination region” (Archer, Cooper & Ruhanen 1998: 98).
The interaction between various nations of the world involving their culture, politics, business and economic trends etc. can be termed as globalization (Suarez-Orozco and Qin-Hilliard). All countries of the world want to keep in touch with the other nations as being a part of an interconnected web has its benefits.
People from the warm desert climates may seek out snowy, cool mountains to enjoy their recreation time. Tourism is a major industry that brings a lot of needed income into a lot of tourist destinations, to the point where some countries are heavily dependent on the income the tourism brings in.
Most tourists to any given tourist attractions are usually from other countries. They come along with their local currencies that are accepted in the country they are visiting.”The money tourists’ use in the countries they are visiting is usually used by the governments as foreign exchange reserves” (Scheyvens 2003:82), this has a lot of benefit to the country, especially, the low income countries that have nothing else to depend on.
routine conferences, celebrations, or sporting events—by the tremendous amount of resources that go into their implementation and the physical legacies for host cities. (Greene, 2003: 164-165)
Mega-event tourism refers to the tourism that is generated by such mega events.