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m, the state is forced to make changes in its social policies to accommodate women demands such as equal education, employment, equal liberty, voting rights, equal pay among others. However, inequalities still exists and modern feminists try to raise their issues within state system through various networks and coalitions as opposed to identity politics. The state is therefore definitely a gendered state. The aim of this essay is to discuss ways in which the state might be considered to be ‘gendered’. This will involve looking at the history of feminism and feminist thought and political action.
The feminist thought can be traced to seventeenth century Europe. According to Bryson (2003:1) the western political theory often ignored women and defended their exclusion from public affairs and confinement the private sphere. This meant exclusion of half of world population from participating in political or public affairs especially in making decisions that affect their lives. The early feminist thought was rooted in customary and legal constraints that held the false belief that women are by nature less intellectually and physically capable than men (Tong 2009: 1-10). This group of theorists were referred as liberal theorists and believed that gender justice could only be achieved by making the rules of the game fair. Philosophers of this time like Descartes, Rousseau and Montesquieu stressed that the only thing distinguishing men and animals was the power to reason. As such, human beings are rational individuals capable of determining what is best for them. However, this did not apply to women who were considered as incapable of reasoning. This led to discrimination of women especially in education.
The eighteenth century liberalists focussed their attention on equality in education. Liberal feminists like Mary Wollstonecraft were very critical of Rousseau and others who discriminated women on basis of reason and intellect. Wollstonecraft argued that if reason
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A state can be considered, primarily ‘gendered’, if it has ensured proper representation as well as powers for women, in all legislative as well as executive establishments. But the process of gendering a state rather begins than ends there. Apart from the formal forms of politics, there are informal avenues of politics as well.
Within a criminal case, the plaintiff is the state or the sovereign, and the aim of the prosecution is to restore an injury to the public, or to maintain public peace. The main objective of criminal law in a free society is to describe wrongs or crimes that are crucial to the protection of individuals.
Sociolinguistic variation is a discipline of study that focuses on the way language varies and changes in the speakers’ communities and concentrates specifically on the interaction of social factors like the speaker's ethnicity, gender, age, and degree of integration into the community among others factors, and linguistic structures like words, sounds, intonation features, and grammatical forms among others.
As a study of social theory, the purpose of this essay is to understand the precise nature in which "gendered spaces" demarcate power between men and women in their living space.
According to sociologists Marx and Weber, "status" in a confined environment was historically distributed in such a way that men automatically elevated themselves to a higher status than women and this arrangement gradually percolated into each and every aspect of their mutual interactions, including architectural and spatial contexts (Blumberg, 1984; Collins, 1991; Huber, 1990; Whyte, 1978).
Modern scholars associate the story of Prometheus with a revolutionary change of the Neolithic revolution i.e. transition from a society of gatherers and hunters to a society of farmers. The Prometheus myth reflects the
The USA Federal laws define child abuse and neglect as, “Any action or inaction by the caretaker or parent of a child that ends up resulting in the death, sexual exploitation, and abuse, or serious physical harm to any child. The law also categorizes it as any failure to act by the parent that causes an increase in the risk of the imminent harm of a child”.
A non state actor in contrast does not enjoy the legal recognition or privileges. A non state actor may be from a given nationality, yet his actions are not taken for as the representation or the foreign policy of a given state. The definition of the non state actors can be understood and comprehended through the understanding of the nation state concept.
In this paper, I will explicate ways in which winning the Ca. State lottery is likely to devastate the life of a college student.
Students, after winning lottery, find themselves occupied in planning on how to spend the big
Production and procuring processes were identified as two main activities that incur costs that are unnecessary. This has pushed the cost of production to be high, thus reducing the profit levels. Time wastage among the