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However, it observes the findings that occur only in the natural settings. However, the method sometimes cannot provide clear information because of certain reactions when the researcher is dealing with numerous variables. Different observers may draw varying conclusions from the same observed subjects. Sometimes, individuals may behave in a manner in order to enable the researcher to conform what he or she expected.
Laboratory research method is a research method that enables researchers to control variables through performing experiments and measurements. The psychologist makes experiments by repeating the presentations and dimensions in order to control the desired outcomes. It is advantageous because the researcher can control the confounding variables easily and the experiment takes place in highly natural settings. The researcher can easily replicate the experiments, and it is easy to establish the cause as well as the effects. However, it is advantageous because it requires effective laboratory skills and it consumes time. It also takes place in the artificial settings; hence effected by tiresome practicality.
The case study is a research technique in psychology that entails the use of descriptive measures in order to investigate the subject in details. The psychologists employ varied techniques including personal interviews, archival documentation, direct inspection and psychometric experiments. The method is advantageous because the psychologists can develop a narrative hypothesis effective for testing the hypotheses. The psychologist can provide effective and detailed descriptions of information; thus making further research analysis. However, the technique has few disadvantages. One of them is that the researcher is unable to draw the cause and effect for testing hypotheses. The method enables the researcher to develop or explore varied issues, offer solutions and develop problem-solving skills. It is also difficult for the researcher to
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“The Scientific Methods Psychologists Use Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1606039-the-scientific-methods-psychologists-use.
This would help us to see if a line of parallelism can be drawn between social psychology and sciences. Social psychology is the scientific study of the manner at which people perceive things, desire and are compelled to act under social conditions. This means that social psychology studies the behavior of humans and to achieve this aim, they must necessarily apply different methods of scientific research to study the behavior of these humans.
I will also emphasize by the use of the time ticking bomb scenario the importance of coercive interrogation. The main reason that hinders psychologists from participating in coercive interrogation is that, it was considered immoral and psychologists were sworn professionals.
Creswell & Clark, (2007) note hat it is research which drives the society. Various methods have been used by various people to conduct research depending on the area/ field of specialization that the persons conducting these researches are orientated to. In hard or earth sciences such as biological sciences, chemistry, statistics, among other physical sciences, quantitative methods of research are usually the most preferred methods of data collection and analysis while quantitative research is mainly used in the social sciences such as sociology, law, anthropology, psychology among other related disciplines.
In its broad sense, science is the systematic, well organized observation and analysis of natural world and its phenomena. It also tries to discover the facts behind every phenomenon concerned with the daily life and formulates theories on the basis of the discovered facts.
A famous case study in psychology is that of Eve White, and it dealt on Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD), which is now called Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). It dealt on the work of psychoanalyst Cornelia B. Wilbur, in her successful
Scientific method involves observation, gathering data, formulating theories, experimentation and evaluation of the hypotheses. It is a process of acquiring knowledge in an organized manner. The method
In order for research to be viable in psychology, it must be precise, replicable, falsifiable and parsimonious. The research should be in a position to be redone and produce similar results for it to be termed as replicable. The results of the research should help in the development of a theory. The theory should be predictable using a hypothesis.
Experiments by Watson and Rayner (1920) and Mary Cover Jones have played a role in laying down the foundation of today’s ethical principles.
Mary C. Jones is considered to be the proponent of behavior therapy (Schultz & Schultz 2011) as
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