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The principles of 'Total' war was formulated by Carl von Clausewitz (June 1, 1780-November 16, 1831), a Prussian general who wrote the book Vom Kriege (On War). The horrific consequence of 'Total' war has been the distruction of civilians and civilian infrastructure being the targets for destroying a nation's capability to wage war. The American Civil War is one example of such war. It involved the whole population fighting for a 'Total' end, in the attempt to the defeat the Confederacy. US Army General William Tecumseh Sherman's 'March to the Sea" destroyed the resources required for the South to make war. He is considered one of the first military commanders who knowingly use 'Total' war as a military tactic. In recent history, it was Germany's blitzkrieg strategy used during World War II that demonstrated the decisive victory campaign by using new military equipments such as tanks, aircraft, and radio. However, time had changed as well as the public perception and opinion about war. The emergence of modern communication such as the media and the changing public opinion has greatly influence the government's policies on war. Additionally, factors such as global terrorism, globalization, new advance weaponry, and the increasing influence of international organisations such as the European Union and NATO all contributed, in some way, to the changing the face of modern warfare. The establishment of International criminal court and the highly publicised prosecution of war criminals made political leaders think twice before even considering any war strategy. Today, there are two general factors that limit the pursuit of Total war policy, one being political and the other is military strategy. The political factor, as being influenced by public opinion, seeks to control escalation via consensual arrangements with the adversary, while the military strategy factor, as being influenced by civilian government's policies, seeks to forestall escalation by precisely destroying the enemy's military capability in a rapid manner1.
The public opinion about war had changed significantly over a couple decades especially after the world experienced the two world wars. Most people have seen and read about the horrors of war over the news, documentaries, books, and modern day media. Most people don't want it to happen again especially during their lifetime. The culture of today demand for expedient success in war with very few casualties and governments are pressured into limiting their objectives. Combined with instantaneous communications and the unrealistic expectations of the networked classes, the global media has fundamentally altered the acceptable timetable for tactical combat. Speed of tactical execution has emerged as the new critical demand upon military forces2. The acceptability of Total war, that is to say of organised violence for political ends, is declining markedly both for practical reasons of its inutility, and because of a cultural taboo, hopefully one eventually of global domain. By far the most influential cause of the possible trend towards the delegitimisation of warfare is the global media. With live video feeds via satellite to a global market, much of the ugliness of war is brought into homes almost everywhere. The claim is not that there is a trend of moral improvement which regards war as all but immoral, save in the most desperate cases of self-defence, but rather that publics around the world now can see what is perpetrated in their names. Since war, except of the cyber variety, necessarily involves killing people and breaking things, confrontation with some of its brutalities can hardly help but be shocking to those who
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War has also been modified in many other facets and has added new facets as it has evolved over the years (Katoch, 2005). The current style of warfare is more popularly known as Fourth Generation Warfare (4GW). One of the most notable things about 4GW is the removal of boundaries between war and the relationship between politics, civilians and soldiers.
According to the paper, people have unique mental capacity to change; but whether it is innate or attained through training and efforts is a matter of debate. The article ‘The Queen: Are we 'hard wired' or can we change’ points out some of the reasons why change is possible and why often people find it difficult.
The various methods of unconventional warfare include guerilla warfare, sabotage and other activities including subversion and unconventional assisted recovery.
One of the most common styles of unconventional combat is the guerilla warfare where small groups use tactics like ambushes and sudden raids on its larger enemy.
This essay asks me to discuss the effects of war on the shaping of the working class and my research has indicated that there was as Marx put it, a "mixed consciousness". This means that the working class had mixed reviews on war. There were those whom enlisted in war, however research has indicated that the working class often feared being drafted and hence enlisted.
Fresh water is simply regarded as water with less than 0.5 parts per thousand dissolved salts, and comprises bodies like lakes, rivers, ponds and other underground water. The principal source of this freshwater is precipitation from the atmosphere in the form of rain and snow.
On this day, the 29th of May 1453, when the last of the Byzantine kings fell to the Ottomans, Europe resurfaced from the abyss of the middle ages. The fall of Constantinople was also significant in terms of
This excerpt, like most of Maya Angelou’s writings, highlights the inequalities that members of the black race in America and other parts of the world have had to face.
The victory of Joe Louis is for all those who have gathered
If a race of people did not have enough land to provide for their own tribe, it was then logical to attack the closest neighbor that could offer vast resources and land. Because there were no international