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Critically evaluate the Durkheim criminological perspective - Essay Example

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[Professor Name] [Course Number] [Professor Name] [Date] Critically evaluate the Durkheim criminological perspective French sociologist Emile Durkheim has devised and elaborated the concept of anomie in his book “The division of Labour”. In his book he has described the root cause behind the criminal acts of individuals in any society…
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Critically evaluate the Durkheim criminological perspective

Download file to see previous pages... This state of confusion among people of the State is due to the rapid or unrealistic alterations in the norms (Franzese, 34). Therefore, individuals become unaware of others expectation and thus, behavioural chaos begins in the State. Consequently, uncertain, absence of norms and its perplexity among public leads to their intended or unintended exploitation. Durkheim believed that unexpected behaviour is a direct product of norm less society. His study of society signified the aspect of crime and control and also that crime was a by-product of social change. Moreover, he stressed on the causes that can provoke moral and ethical deregulations. After the evolution of societies (Industrialization), society was divided into mechanical and organic type. These societies distinguish the behaviour of individuals in certain ways according to their preset certain norms. (ibid) Mechanical society had similar norms, type of engagement, mental compatibility and same team objectives. On the other hand, Organic societies were intricate in their very nature, their task and objectives were difficult to attain. Hence, people became absorbed in their personal objectives and social bonds became insignificant and distant. This change led to collapse of norms and morals, which were previously practiced by the individuals of a society due to their mutual understanding. Therefore, when unity and norms were discarded, the new generation emerge in a norm-less society; where they became perplexed about the prevalent standardize morals. Unbalanced, frequently changed norms can create adjustment issues, which eventually leads to frustration, deviance and clashes in the society. His theory was based on the evidence of great economic depression, which brought massive change in economic and fiscal policies and along with these came the skyrocketing rate of offense, deviance and suicide. Hence, sudden change in the norm causes anomie and anomie eventually promotes transgression. Hence, according to Durkheim, anomie can happen in times of opulence or collapse of any State. Durkheim’s theory entailed the concept of social control and he emphasized on the significance of bond. He elaborates that when individuals are unable to formulate bond and find them self bondless, they invent their personal norms for the sake of survival, and their norms usually conflict with the prevalent social norms; and as a results crime emerges. The aspect of bondlessness is apparent in young teenage offenders and gangs criminals. The recent teenage shooting trend in USA is an evident example of such behaviour. Crime emerged when lower-class or middle class faced financial dilemma and they became deficient to fulfill their basic needs. Moreover, Durkheim’s criminal offenders were not necessary intentional offenders of law, many at times they merely disagreed or disregarded the established law. This does not necessarily involve a natural or vicious desire to break norm. Therefore, according to him, if society needs submissive individuals or public, then it needs to mentor and train all the individuals according to a fundamental norm mechanism. This will facilitate them all and will instill the element of obedience in them. Moreover, it will allow common understating among all for standardized basic norms and will ensure informal control. Hence, the above mentioned scenario was present in ancient times, when ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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